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Chapter 24&25&26&27 Vocabulary

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Sahel   the region in africa just south of the sahara  
colonialism   the system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw materials and markets for their products  
plateau   an area of high flat land  
escarpment   a steep cliff that separates two level areas of differing elevations  
chaparral   a type of natural veggitation that is adapted to mediterranean climebates, small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub  
savanna   a tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands nearest the equador  
oral history   history passed down by word of mouth  
nomadic herding   the practice of moving flocks to different pastures throughout the year  
leaching   the dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil  
land degradation   reduction in the productive potentail of the land  
population density   the average number of people living in a given area  
delta   land formed by soil in the water that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea  
fellaheen   grow impressive crops without the aid of modern machinery  
sandstorm   blows hot air,dust and grit into the nile valley  
bazaar   arab open-sir markets  
basin irrigation   good for growing crops  
reservoir   natural or artificial lake used to store water for human needs  
perennial irrigation   one that provider water for agriculture all through the year  
capital   money that is invested in building and supporting new industries  
wadi   Dry riverbeds and sharp gullies  
caravan   large groups of merchants who have joined together to travel in safety  
medina   usually are centered around a great mosque  
souk   market areas ind out from the mosque  
shifting agriculture   The practice of farming a piece of land until all the soil's nutrients are gone, then moving to another piece of land  
forage   Food for grazing animals  
deforestation   The cutting down of forests  
desertification   The transformation of arable land to desert  
refugee   A person who flees his or her country to escape poor treatment  
landlocked   Entirely or almost entirely surrounded by land  
inland delta   Area of lakes and streams where people grow cotton, rice, and vegetables  
coup   Sudden political takeovers  
ancestor worship   The belief that respected and honoring one's ancestors will cause the ancestors to live in the spirit world after death  
animism   The belief that everything in nature has a spirit  
world bank   an agency of the united nations that provides loans to countries for development projects  
international monetary fund   an agency of the united nations that provides loans to countries for development projects  
structural adjustment program   Set of guidelines that are supposed to help make a country's economy work better  
watershed   A dividing ridge between two basins  
mercenary   Professional soldier hired by a foreign country  
barter   Exchange of goods without the use of money  
harambee   A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth  
pyrethrum   A pesticide produced from certain flowers  
malnutrition   Disease caused by lack of food or an unbalanced diet  
strategic value   Importance of a place or thing for nations planning military actions  
ethnocracy   A system of government in which one ethnic group rules others  
villagization   A political movement by which rural people are forced to move to towns and work on collective farms  
apartheid   Formerly in the Republic of South Africa, the policy of strict racial segregation  
segregation   The separation of the races  
sanction   An action taken by the international community to punish a country for unacceptable behaviors  
enclave   A country completely surrounded by another country  
white flight   The departure of white people from a region  
land redistribution   A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little of none  


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