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Pharmacology Related to Addiction

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Term
Definition
Cocaine   an extremely potent and dependence-producing stimulant drug derived from the coca leaf  
Formication   hallucinatory behavior produced by chronic cocaine or amphetamine abuse, in which the individual feels insects or snakes crawling either over or under the skin  
Cocaine psychosis   a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, produced by chronic use of cocaine  
Kindling Effect   a phenomenon in the brain that produces a heightened sensitivity to repeated administrations of some drugs, such as cocaine. This heightened sensitivity is the opposite of the phenomenon of tolerance  
Cocaine hydrochloride   the form of cocaine that is inhaled (snorted) or injected into the bloodstream  
Free-base cocaine   a smokable form of cocaine  
Crack Cocaine or Crack   a smokable form of cocaine  
D-amphetamine   shortened name for dextroamphetamine, a potent form of amphetamine marketed under the brand name  
Methamphetamine   a type of amphetamine once marketed under the brand name Methadrine. Methamphetamine abusers refer to it as meth, speed, or crank  
Amphetamine   a family of ephedrine-based stimulant drugs  
Amphetamine psychosis   a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, resulting from high doses of amphetamines  
Ice   a smokable form of methamphetamine hydrochloride. It is often referred to as crystal meth because of its quartz-like appearance  
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)   a behavioral disorder characterized by increased motor activity and reduced attention span  
Angelo Mariani   Promoter of coca-laced wine  
John Pemberton   Developer of coca-cola, originally containing cocaine  
William Halsted   cofounder of johns Hopkins Medical school; early developer of cocaine to anesthetize nerves and whole limbs  
Sigmund Freud   early advocate of cocaine use; originator of psychoanalysis. Used cocaine until noticeable effects raised.  
Ernst von Fleischi-Marxow   friend of Sigmund Freud; first documented case of cocaine psychosis  


   


 
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Created by: kelseypayne95