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Chapter 7

Pharmacology Related to Addiction

TermDefinition
Cocaine an extremely potent and dependence-producing stimulant drug derived from the coca leaf
Formication hallucinatory behavior produced by chronic cocaine or amphetamine abuse, in which the individual feels insects or snakes crawling either over or under the skin
Cocaine psychosis a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, produced by chronic use of cocaine
Kindling Effect a phenomenon in the brain that produces a heightened sensitivity to repeated administrations of some drugs, such as cocaine. This heightened sensitivity is the opposite of the phenomenon of tolerance
Cocaine hydrochloride the form of cocaine that is inhaled (snorted) or injected into the bloodstream
Free-base cocaine a smokable form of cocaine
Crack Cocaine or Crack a smokable form of cocaine
D-amphetamine shortened name for dextroamphetamine, a potent form of amphetamine marketed under the brand name
Methamphetamine a type of amphetamine once marketed under the brand name Methadrine. Methamphetamine abusers refer to it as meth, speed, or crank
Amphetamine a family of ephedrine-based stimulant drugs
Amphetamine psychosis a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, resulting from high doses of amphetamines
Ice a smokable form of methamphetamine hydrochloride. It is often referred to as crystal meth because of its quartz-like appearance
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) a behavioral disorder characterized by increased motor activity and reduced attention span
Angelo Mariani Promoter of coca-laced wine
John Pemberton Developer of coca-cola, originally containing cocaine
William Halsted cofounder of johns Hopkins Medical school; early developer of cocaine to anesthetize nerves and whole limbs
Sigmund Freud early advocate of cocaine use; originator of psychoanalysis. Used cocaine until noticeable effects raised.
Ernst von Fleischi-Marxow friend of Sigmund Freud; first documented case of cocaine psychosis
Created by: kelseypayne95