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# BAS Cardiovascular

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
phleb/o   vein  
-otomy   to cut open  
-scopy   To view, see, look  
plasty   repair  
arteries   carry blood away from the heart  
veins   carry blood towards the heart  
Bi-   two  
Tri-   three  
AV valves   bicuspid and tricuspid  
smallest blood vessel   capillary  
small vein   venule  
small artery   arteriole  
systole   contraction pressure of the heart  
diastole   relaxation pressure of the heart  
angi/o   blood vessel  
aort/o   aorta  
arteri/o   artery  
ather/o   fat  
atri/o   atrium (top chamber of the heart)  
cardi/o   heart  
hemangi/o   blood vessel  
pericardi/o   pericardium (outside covering around the heart)  
phleb/o   vein  
thromb/o   blood clot  
vas/o   blood vessel  
ven/o   vein  
AF   atrial fibrillation (very fast atrial rate).  
AS   aortic stenosis  
ASCVD   arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease  
scler/o   hard  
ASD   atrial septal defect. (septum of atria has a hole in it)  
ASHD   arteriosclerotic heart disease  
AV   atrioventricular  
BP   blood pressure  
CABG   coronary artery bypass graft  
CAD   coronary artery disease (artery has plaque and narrowed opening)  
CHF   congestive heart failure (weak heart)  
CO   cardiac output  
CPK   blood test. Heart enzyme released when heart muscle dies.  
CVA   cerebrovascular accident (brain blood vessel blockage; part of brain dies)  
CVD   cerebrovascular disease (brain-blood vessel disease)  
DVT   Deep venous thrombosis  
Upon auscultation at the left 5th intercostal space, the cardiologist was able to identify a murmur. (What happened here?)   The doctor listened to the the heart (located at the 5th rib space) and diagnosed a heart murmur.  
ETT   Exercise tolerance test  
EKG, ECG   Electrocardiography  
-graphy   recording or picture  
echocardiography   ultrasound on the heart  
Scanning tests for the heart   MUGA, PET, MRI - The MUGA is specific for the heart. The PET and MRI can be used for other tissues in addition to the heart.  
Blood Tests to evaluate heart condition   Troponin T & I, CPK isoenzymes, LDH, GOT  
atheroma   collection of fat in an artery  
thrombus   blood clot  
phlebitis   inflammed vein  
stenosis   narrowing of an artey  
angina pectoris   chest pain due to poor blood flow in coronary arteries.  
myocardial infarction   heart attack  
endo-   inside  
peri-   around the outside  
myo-   muscle  
cardiomyopathy   heart muscle disease  


   






 
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Created by: rjmtoss