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# BAS Cardiovascular

phleb/o vein
-otomy to cut open
-scopy To view, see, look
plasty repair
arteries carry blood away from the heart
veins carry blood towards the heart
Bi- two
Tri- three
AV valves bicuspid and tricuspid
smallest blood vessel capillary
small vein venule
small artery arteriole
systole contraction pressure of the heart
diastole relaxation pressure of the heart
angi/o blood vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fat
atri/o atrium (top chamber of the heart)
cardi/o heart
hemangi/o blood vessel
pericardi/o pericardium (outside covering around the heart)
phleb/o vein
thromb/o blood clot
vas/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
AF atrial fibrillation (very fast atrial rate).
AS aortic stenosis
ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
scler/o hard
ASD atrial septal defect. (septum of atria has a hole in it)
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV atrioventricular
BP blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease (artery has plaque and narrowed opening)
CHF congestive heart failure (weak heart)
CO cardiac output
CPK blood test. Heart enzyme released when heart muscle dies.
CVA cerebrovascular accident (brain blood vessel blockage; part of brain dies)
CVD cerebrovascular disease (brain-blood vessel disease)
DVT Deep venous thrombosis
Upon auscultation at the left 5th intercostal space, the cardiologist was able to identify a murmur. (What happened here?) The doctor listened to the the heart (located at the 5th rib space) and diagnosed a heart murmur.
ETT Exercise tolerance test
EKG, ECG Electrocardiography
-graphy recording or picture
echocardiography ultrasound on the heart
Scanning tests for the heart MUGA, PET, MRI - The MUGA is specific for the heart. The PET and MRI can be used for other tissues in addition to the heart.
Blood Tests to evaluate heart condition Troponin T & I, CPK isoenzymes, LDH, GOT
atheroma collection of fat in an artery
thrombus blood clot
phlebitis inflammed vein
stenosis narrowing of an artey
angina pectoris chest pain due to poor blood flow in coronary arteries.
myocardial infarction heart attack
endo- inside
peri- around the outside
myo- muscle
cardiomyopathy heart muscle disease
Created by: rjmtoss