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Chapter 9 and 10 vocabulary

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Conquistador   Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain.  
Cultural Convergence   The contact and interaction of one culture with another.  
Caudillo   A Latin American military director.  
Pampas   A grasslands region Argentina and Uruguay.  
Cay   A small, low island or coral reef  
Coral   The rock like skeletons of tiny sea animals.  
Tropical Storm   A storm wit winds of at least 39 miles per hour.  
Hurricane   A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.  
El Nino   A warm ocean current off South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.  
Canopy   The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.  
Mestizo   A person of mixed European and Native American heritage.  
Mulatto   A person of mixed African and European ancestry.  
Market Economy   A system combining different degrees of government regulation.  
GPD per capita   The total value of goods and services produced within a country n a year, divided by the country's total population.  
Command Economy   An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.  
Traditional Economy   An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy.  
Plateau   An area of high, flat land.  
Peninsula   A strip of land on which rice is grown.  
Irrigation   The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.  
Sinkhole   A hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse.  
Hacienda   A large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch.  
Land Redistribution   A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none.  
Ejido   Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community.  
Subsistence faming   Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village.  
Latifundio   A large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company.  
Cash Crop   A farm crop grown for sale and profit.  
Migrant Worker   A worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops.  
NAFTA   North American Free Trade Agreement, which phased out trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.  
Maquiladro   A factory in Mexico, along the United States borer, that assembles goods for exports.  


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Created by: Katie Hansen