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ortho test 1

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Function of Articular Cartilage   Dissipate compression, shear, tension forces with in a joint  
Common cartilage pathologies   Degenerative disc disease Chondromalacia of patella Meniscal lesions in knee  
3 key conditions you need for a ligament to heal   1. torn lig ends must be in contact with each other 2. Progressive, controlled stress must be applied to the healing tissues to orient scar tissue formation 3. Lig must be protected against excessive forces during remodeling phase.  
classifications of fractures   -site of injury -configuration -relationship of fragments to each other -relation of fx fragments to env't - complications  
bone healing   1. bleeding, cells die 2. granulation tissue, fibrocartilaginous matrix formed 3. bone trabeculae increase increase in # and the FC converts to bony callus 4. Bony callus is continually remodeled  
Antibiotics ex. and SE   Penicillin, Keflex Nausea, diarrhea  
Nociceptive pain exam.   Osteoarthritis, sprains  
Nonopiod Agents   provide analgesia and anti-inflammatory affect, reduces fever -Tylenol, Excedrin SE -liver toxicity  
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflam Drugs   Asperin,Naproxen SE-GI distress and/or bleeding  
COX-2   Anti-inflammatory -Celebrex  
Corticosteroids   AI and immunosuppressant -cortisone, Pedrisone SE-edema, insomnia, risk of infection  
Opiod Analgesics   -pain reliever morphine, oxycodone, -addiction, nausea and vomiting  
Biophosphonates   treat and prevent osteoporosis -Fosamax,Boniva SE-Vascular necrosis after long term use  
meds for Neuropathic pain   Antidepressants - Cymbota, Amtrotvine Anticonvulants -lyrica, neurotin Utram  
Anticoagulants   Warfarin, heparin, asperin  


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