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ortho test 1

QuestionAnswer
Function of Articular Cartilage Dissipate compression, shear, tension forces with in a joint
Common cartilage pathologies Degenerative disc disease Chondromalacia of patella Meniscal lesions in knee
3 key conditions you need for a ligament to heal 1. torn lig ends must be in contact with each other 2. Progressive, controlled stress must be applied to the healing tissues to orient scar tissue formation 3. Lig must be protected against excessive forces during remodeling phase.
classifications of fractures -site of injury -configuration -relationship of fragments to each other -relation of fx fragments to env't - complications
bone healing 1. bleeding, cells die 2. granulation tissue, fibrocartilaginous matrix formed 3. bone trabeculae increase increase in # and the FC converts to bony callus 4. Bony callus is continually remodeled
Antibiotics ex. and SE Penicillin, Keflex Nausea, diarrhea
Nociceptive pain exam. Osteoarthritis, sprains
Nonopiod Agents provide analgesia and anti-inflammatory affect, reduces fever -Tylenol, Excedrin SE -liver toxicity
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflam Drugs Asperin,Naproxen SE-GI distress and/or bleeding
COX-2 Anti-inflammatory -Celebrex
Corticosteroids AI and immunosuppressant -cortisone, Pedrisone SE-edema, insomnia, risk of infection
Opiod Analgesics -pain reliever morphine, oxycodone, -addiction, nausea and vomiting
Biophosphonates treat and prevent osteoporosis -Fosamax,Boniva SE-Vascular necrosis after long term use
meds for Neuropathic pain Antidepressants - Cymbota, Amtrotvine Anticonvulants -lyrica, neurotin Utram
Anticoagulants Warfarin, heparin, asperin
Created by: ckdabne