|Ren Shen ***
(ginseng root) ||Powerfully tonifies the primal Qi (STRONG for emergencies); strengthens SP/ST, LU, augments Qi; Generates fluids, stops thirst; Benefits HT Qi, calms spirit
NOT w/EPF, constraint or empty heat, other stimulants|
|Dang Shen ***
(codonopsis root) ||Tonifies middle jiao, augments Qi (diarrhea, low appetite, fatigue, prolapse); Tonifies LU; for late febrile Dz or blood xu; Also w/herbs to release exterior or drain downward when Pt has significant Qi xu|
|Huang Qi ***
(Astragalus root) ||Tonifies Qi and blood; Tonifies SP, raises yang; Augments Wei Qi, stabilizes the exterior; promotes urination to reduce edema; promotes discharge of pus and generates flesh; also for DM, limb neuropathy, Bi
NOT w/toxic heat sores|
|Shan Yao ***
(Chinese yam) ||Tonifies and augments Qi of SP/ST; Tonifies the LU Qi, augments LU yin; Tonifies the KD, and secures the essence
A food, may be taken in large doses. NOT w/damp causing fullness of abdomen|
|Bai Zhu ***
(White atractylodes rhizome) ||Tonifies the SP Qi (PRIMARY HERB!), augments Qi; Dries dampness, promotes water metabolism; Stabilizes the exterior and stops sweating; Calms the fetus
NOT w/internal heat from yin xu or thirst from exhausted|
|Da Zao ***
(Jujube, chinese date) ||Tonifies the SP, augments Qi, harmonizes; Nourishes the blood and calms the spirit, generates fluids; Moderates and harmonizes the harsh properties of other herbs
NOT w/excess heat, DH, phlegm-H. Caution with lots of damp or qi stagnation|
|Gan Cao ***
(Licorice root) ||All 12 channels
Tonifies SP, augments qi; Moistens the LU, stops coughs; Moderates spasms, alleviates pain; Clears heat & toxicity; Moderates & harmonizes other herbs (1# Fx)
NOT w/distention, fullness of chest and abdomen, or vomiting excess dampness|
|Shu Di Huang ***
"Cooked Earth Yellow"
(cooked Chinese foxglove/rehmannia root) ||Tonifies the blood; Strongly enriches the yin and relieves wasting and thirsting d/o; Nourishes the blood, tonifies the essence and marrow
VERY cloying/rich readily leads to stagnation, NOT in those w/qi stag or profuse phlegm|
|Zhi He Shou Wu ***
"Processed Black Haired Mr. He"
(processed flowery knotweed root) ||Nourishes the blood, tonifies LV & KD, augments the essence (to preserve essence); Expels W from skin by nourishing blood
NOT in Pt w/loose stools or significant dampness/phlegm. Caution with source of herb, improper processing may damage LV|
|(Sheng) He Shou Wu ***
"Fresh Black haired Mr. He"
(flowery knotweed root) ||(tonify blood) Moistens the intestines, unblocks the bowels (for dryness from blood xu); Relieves fire toxicity; Checks malarial d/o (not a common action)|
|Dang Gui ***
"Should come back"
(angelica sinensis root) ||Tonifies the blood, regulates the menses; Invigorates and harmonizes the blood, disperses cold; Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels; Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, and alleviates pain; treats cough|
|Bai Shao ***
(White peony) ||Nourishes the blood, regulates menses; SOFTENS the LV, for yang rising and alleviates pain (most common Fx. for cramps/spasms in hands and feet, for HA and dizziness); Preserves the yin and adjusts the Ying and Wei Qi levels|
|E Jiao ***
(donkey hide gelatin) ||Tonifies blood & stops bleeding (dizziness, palpitations, coughing blood, blood in stool, uterine bleeding); Nourishes and moistens the yin (for insomnia and irritability)
ANIMAL product, decoct separately. Heavy, cloying so NOT for SP/ST xu|
|Gou Qi (Zi) ***
(Lycium fruit, chinese wolfberry, Goji berries) ||(tonify blood) Nourishes LV and KD; Benefits the essence and brightens the eyes; Enriches the yin and moistens the LU
Caution w/SP and ST xu, although not so greasy or cloying|
|Lu Rong ***
(fuzz from spring antlers) ||Tonifies the KD, fortifies Yang (STRONGLY); Warms the yang, regulates Chong & Ren Mai, stabilizes Dai Mai; Tonifies Du Mai, augments essence, qi & blood, strengthens sinews/bones
NOT w/interior heat from yin/blood xu, blood, ST or LU heat, or EPF heat|
|Rou Cong Rong ***
"Meat of Cong Rong"
(fleshy stem of broomrape) ||Tonifies the KD yang, augments the essence and blood; Moistens the Intestines and facilitates passages of stool (moderate, not drying)
NOT w/diarrhea from ST/SP xu, or yin xu/heat signs|
|Yin Yang Huo ***
(also called Xian Ling Pi)
(aerial parts of epimedium, Horny goat weed) ||Tonifies the KD, yang, and Mingmen (used for male impotence and infertility); Dispels W-C-D and warms and unblocks the flow of yang Qi (for Bi)
NOT w/xu fire, prolonged use will injure yin|
|Ba Ji Tian ***
"Ba's Sky lance"
(Morinda Root) ||Tonifies the KD and fortifies yang (without being overly drying), augments essence; Disperses WD and strengthens the sinews and bones (for Bi, esp WCD)
NOT in Pt w/damp or yin xu heat, or urinary difficulty|
|Bu Gu Zhi ***
"Tonify bone resin"
(Psoralea fruit) ||Tonifies the KD, fortifies yang, stabilizes essence and secures urine, aids KD in grasping Qi; Tonifies and warms SP yang, stops diarrhea; topically for vitiligo
NOT w/yin xu heat or constipation, CAUTION w/ST xu|
|Yi Zhi Ren ***
"Benefit intelligence kernel"
(Alpinia fruit, black cardamon) ||Warms KD, retains essence, and secures the urine; Warms SP, stops diarrhea, and controls salivation
NOT w/lower jiao heat problems, esp from yin xu|
|Xian Mao ***
(Curculigo, golden eye-grass rhizome) ||Tonifies KD, fortifies yang, vigorously warms MIngMen; Expels cold and eliminates dampness
NOT with yin xu + heat, not longterm use|
|Du Zhong ***
(Eucommia bark) ||(tonify yang) Tonifies LV and KD, strengthens sinews and bones; Aids in smooth flow of Qi and blood; Calms fetus (for threatened miscarriage); Recently for dizziness and light-headedness
NOT w/heat from yin xu (but relatively more mild)|
|Xu Duan ***
"Reconnect what is broken"
(Dipsacus, Japanese teasel root) ||(tonify yang) Tonifies LV and KD (w/out stagnation), strengthens/reconnects sinews and bones, promotes movement of the blood, alleviates pain, reduces swelling; Calms the fetus, stops leakage
NOT w/WDH Bi|
|Gu Sui Bu ***
"Mender or shattered bones"
(Drynaria rhizome) ||Tonifies KD (yang) and strengthens bones; Promotes mending of sinews and bones; Stimulates the growth of hair; Directs floating yang downward (tinnitus, diminished hearing, loose teeth, painful gums)
NOT w/yin xu or in absence of blood stasis|
|Tu Si Zi ***
"spitting silk seeds"
(Cuscuta, Chinese dodder seeds) ||Tonifies yang, augments yin, secures essence and the urine; Tonifies KD and LV, improves vision; Benefits SP and KD, stops diarrhea; Calms the fetus
NOT with fire from yin xu, but not cloying|
|(Bei) Sha Shen ***
"North Sand Ginseng"
(Glehnia root) ||Nourishes LU yin, clears LU heat; Nourishes ST yin, generates fluids
NOT w/cough d/t WC or internal cold from LU/ST xu|
|Xi Yang Shen***
"Western Ocean Root"
(American ginseng root) ||Nourishes yin, generates fluids, tonifies Qi, clears fire from deficiency; Nurtures LU yin, clears LU fire
NOT w/cold dampness obstructing middle, or stagnation fire|
|Mai (Men) Dong ***
(Ophiopogon tuber) ||Moistens the LU, nourishes yin; Augments ST yin, generates fluids; Moistens Intestines; Clears the HT, eliminates IRRITABILITY
NOT w/loose stools from SP xu, phlegm or mucus in LU/ST, or early WC coughs.|
|Tian (Men) Dong ***
"Heavenly gate winter"
(asparagus tuber) ||Nourishes the KD yin, clears LU heat; Moistens LU, nourishes KD, generates fluids
NOT w/diarrhea from xu or cold|
|Shi Hu ***
"Bushel (goblet) of Stone"
(Dendrobium) ||Nourishes the yin (KD!), clears heat (like from deficiency), generates fluids; Tonifies the KD, augments essence, and brightens vision
NOT in early stages warm EPF. Caution w/loose stools or thick greasy T d/t SP xu|
|Yu Zhu ***
(scented Solomon's seal rhizome, polygonatum) ||Nourishes yin and moistens dryness (LU/ST yin, w/out being cloying, can be used even in presence of EPF); Extinguishes wind, softens, moistens the sinews
NOT w/SP/ST xu, internal phlegm-damp, or loose stools d/t cold.|
|Mo Han Lian ***
"Dark dye dry lotus"
(Eclipta) ||Nourishes and tonifies LV and KD yin (for premature greying); Cools the blood, stops bleeding
NOT w/SP and ST cold xu|
|Nu Zhen Zi ***
"Persistent female seed"
(Privet fruit, Ligustrum) ||Nourishes (yin) and tonifies the LV and KD; Clears xu heat; Improves vision; tonifies w/out cloying
NOT w/diarrhea from SP/ST cold from deficiency|
|Gui Ban ***
(terrapin shell) ||Nourishes yin, anchors yang; Benefits KD, strengthens bones; Nourishes blood, enriches yin, stabilizes Chong & Ren Mai; Cools blood & stops uterine bleeding; Tonifies HT&blood; also for non healing sores and ulcers
NOT during pregnancy or w/CD of ST|
|Bie Jia ***
(Chinese soft-seller turtle shell) ||Nourishes the yin, anchors yang; INVIGORATES blood, promotes menstruation, dissipates nodules; Strong anchoring/descending action, unblocks and facilitates functions of blood vessels
NOT during pregnancy or w/cold from SP/ST xu|