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Rad. Positions

Radiographic Positions/Terminology

Lying face down Prone
Lying prone with horizontal beam Ventral Decubitus
Lying with head higher than feet Fowlers
Divides the body into superior and inferior portions Transverse
Movement of extremity away from body Abduction
Lying face up Supine
Away from the midline or body position 90 degrees from AP/PA Lateral
Posterior surface Dorsal
Lying on back with right side elevated LPO
Any position between AP/PA and lateral Oblique
To turn foot medially Invert
Divides the entire body into equal right and left halves Midsagittal/Median
Lying face down with left side elevated RAO
To turn the body on it's long axis Rotate
Lying down in any position Recumbent
Top of foot Dorsum Pedis
Away from the source Distal
Anterior Ventral
Beam angle towards the head Cephalad
Relative term meaning closer to head Superior
Standing on tiptoe, palms and head forward Anatomic Position
Bending of a joint (decreased angle) Flexion
Beam angle toward the feet Caudal
Back of body Posterior
Close to the source Proximal
Lying on left side with horizontal beam Left Lateral Decubitus
Posterior surface of foot (sole) Plantar
Lying with head lower than feet Trendelenburgs
Bring limb closer to body Adduction
Tipping or slanting a body part slightly Tilt
To turn foot outward Eversion
Recumbent with horizontal beam Decubitus
Close to source Proximal
Plane dividing the body into anterior & posterior halves Coronal
Placed or running lengthwise Longitudinal
Divides the entire body or body part into right and left segments Sagittal
Divides the entire body or body part into equal anterior and posterior halves Midcoronal/Midaxillary
Refers to parts toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of another body part Medial
Straightening of a joint (increased angle) Extension
Relative term meaning closer to the feet Inferior
Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is down Pronation
Rotation of the forearm so that the palm is up Supination
Position between AP/PA and Lateral Oblique
Lying face down with right side elevated LAO
Lying on back with left side elevaated RPO
Lying supine with horizontal beam Dorsal Decubitus
Lying on right side with horizontal beam Right Lateral Decubitus
When the beam enters the anterior body surface and exits the posterior body surface AP
When the beam enters the posterior body surface and exits the anterior body surface PA
Longitudinal angulation of the ray with the long axis of the body or specific body part Axial
When the ray skims the outer margin of a curved body surface Tangential
Refers to the palm of the hand Palmar
Opposite side of injury Contralateral
Same side of injury Ipsalateral
Refers to parts near the surface Superficial
Refers to parts far from the surface Deep
What is seen by the film View
Path of an x-ray beam, entrance and exit Projection
Physical position of the patient Position
What the image is projected on to Film
The finished image after the x-ray is taken Radiograph
Position where the patient leans back while in the upright position so that only the shoulders are in contact with the IR Lordotic
Upright position in which the patient is sitting on a chair or stool Seated
Circular motion of a limb Circumduction
Erect or marked by a vertical position Upright
Created by: bpCCCRad14