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music terminology

Aspect of music that deals with succession of pitches Melody
Notes Pitch
Aspect of music having to do with duration of notes in time Rhythm
Pulse of the music Beat
Speed of music Tempo
Regular groupings of beats Meter
Simultaneous sounding of different pitches Harmony
Two different pitches produced at the same time Interval
Three or more notes produced simultaneously Chord
Intervals or chords that sound stable Consonance
Intervals or chords that sound unstable Dissonance
The basic subject matter of a piece of music Theme
the way in which multiple sounds blend together Texture
Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously Polyphony
Way of describing things that occur at one point in time Vertical
Way of describing things that occur over time, such as rhythm or melody Horizontal
Volume of sound dynamics
The sonorous quality of an instrument or voice Timbre
A selection of ordered pitches Scale
One note per syllable Syllabic Chant
A couple notes per syllable Neumatic Chant
Many notes per syllable Melismatic Chant
Many notes on one syllable Melisma Chant
Two melodic lines placed against each other Organum
Note against note Contrapunctus
Credited with coming up with the four line staff Guido of Arezzo
The first composers who taught at Notre Dame cathedral/university Leonin and Perotin
THe piece of borrowed material a piece is built around Cantus Firmus
Mathematical function that says which sounds are encompassed in a single pitch Harmonic Series
Considered the greatest composer of the medieval period Guillame Machaut
Polyphonic piece that's not for the mass Motet
Texture that elevates one voice above a bed of chords or harmony Homophony
One of the great Reniassance composers Josquin
Mass written by Palestrina, saved the day for polyphony Pope Marcellus Mass
Writes a famous piece called L'homme Arme Mass Guillame Dufay
French musicians that lived in the courts Troubadours/Trouveres
The progressive tradition in the 1300's that pushed music to new limits Ars Nova
Language that is native to the region Vernacular Language
The most important secular genre of music in the Renaissance Madrigal
The act of writing music that expressed the meaning of a single word Word Painting
When a melody is passed between voices Imitation
When a melody is repeated in the same voice at different pitch Sequencing
Late Renaissance composer, usually considered the turning point from Renaissance to Baroque period Claudio Monteverdi
Madrigals that used instruments as well as singers Concerted Madrigals
Instrumental group that accompanies a soloist Basso Continuo
An argument concerning dissonance in music. Artusi argued that it was wrong and broke the rules Artusian Conflict
Old, conservative style, based on church music, sparing use of dissonance Prima Practica
New, progressive style, used mostly in secular music, writes music that supports the text. The meaning of text drives the style of music Seconda Practica
Muiscal Drama Opera
A group of intellectuals Camerata
A group of singers not involved with the actual drama that comment on the stage event Chorus
Speech-like singing, music that mimics human speech, like a dialogue in a play Recitative
Song, written for one character in early operas Aria
Gray area, somewhere between aria and recitative, blends them Arioso
The first opera written in 1597 Dafne, by Jacopo Peri
Noble court where Monteverdi worked Gonzaga Court
Desciples of Bacchus Bacchantes
The text of opera Libretto
The person who writes the text in opera Librettist
Male singer who was castrated before puberty Castrato
Created by: 141304156
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