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MUS Chpt. 1

study guide vocab

QuestionAnswer
12-Bar Blues contains 3 melodic phrases in each statement of the form. Each phrase and pause that follows lasts 4 measures
Accent note or chord that's emphasized in some way so it stands out
Arpeggio a chord in which the pitches are presented in succession
Backbeat percussive sound on the second of a pair of beats or on the second half of a beat
12-Bar Blues contains 3 melodic phrases in each statement of the form. Each phrase and pause that follows lasts 4 measures
Accent note or chord that's emphasized in some way so it stands out
Arpeggio a chord in which the pitches are presented in succession
Backbeat percussive sound on the second of a pair of beats or on the second half of a beat
Beat regular rhythm that moves at a speed to which you can comfortably respond with physical movement
Blue Note the product of interpolating or substituting notes from the African American pentatonic scale into a melody built mainly from a major scale
Chord Progression chords appearing in a consistently used sequence
Chorus(Refrain) both words and music remain much the same everytime
Diatonic Scale seven pitches per octave
Duration length of a musical sound
Dynamics intensity on a large scale
Elements of Popular Music instrumentation, dynamics, inflection, texture, and form
Form organization of music in time
Four-Beat Rhythm rhythmic foundation of a song features a walking bass or other steady time keeping 4 times a measure
Two-Beat Rhythm two bass notes per measure alternating with chords playing on the backbeat
Genre stylistic category
Harmony study of chords; what they are, how they're found, how long they last, and how they succeed each other
Intensity describes how loud a musical sound is
Half-Step interval between any pitch and the immediately adjacent pitch
Interval describes the distance between two pitches
Inflection intensity on a smaller scale
Mainstream can either have a homogenizing or an energizing effect on the creative process
Major Scale beginning on C using only the white keys on the keyboard
Instrumentation identifies the voices and instruments heard in performance
Intensity describes how loud a musical sound is
Interval describes the distance between two pitches
Keynote the focal pitch that scales begin on
Mainstream can either have a homogenizing or an energizing effect on the creative process
Octave the higher pitch vibrates twice as fast as the lower note
Major Scale beginning on C using only the white keys on the keyboard
Pentatonic Scale contains 5 pitches per octave
Measure(Bar) consistent grouping of beats
Pitch how high or low a musical tone sounds
Melody distinctive rhythm and contour which makes it stand out from more generic patterns
Popular Music music that appeals to a mass audience, intended to have wide appeal, and has a sound and style distinct from classical or folk
Minor Scale uses white keys from A to A
Octave the higher pitch vibrates twice as fast as the lower note
Pentatonic Scale contains 5 pitches per octave
Pitch how high or low a musical tone sounds
Popular Music music that appeals to a mass audience, intended to have wide appeal, and has a sound and style distinct from classical or folk
Rhythm element of popular music that you connect with almost instinctively, qualities that make you want to tap your foot
Rhythm Section heterogeneous group of instruments that includes at least one chord instrument, one bass instrument, and one percussion instrument
Riff short, easily remembered melodic ideas and typically set 2 to 7 syllables
Scale series of pitches formed from steps or from steps and small skips
Skip larger intervals (octave, C-E, or D-G)
Style set of characteristic musical features that typify a body of music
Style Beat 2-beat and 4-beat rhythms that are the most pervasive feature of the dominant style of music of an era
Verse same melody sets different lyrics
Syncopation accent that doesn't live up with the beat
Verse/Chorus Form vocal-based form that contains two main elements, both of which are repeated
Tempo speed of the beat
Whole Step one intervening pitch (F to G)
Texture relationship among the various parts (voice&instruments)
Popular Music music that appeals to a mass audience
Timbre refers to the tome color of a musical sound
Verse same melody sets different lyrics
4 Properties of Musical Sound pitch, intensity, duration, and timbre
Verse/Chorus Form vocal-based form that contains two main elements, both of which are repeated
Whole Step one intervening pitch (F to G)
Popular Music music that appeals to a mass audience
4 Properties of Musical Sound pitch, intensity, duration, and timbre
Elements of Popular Music instrumentation, performance style, rhythm, melody, intervals, scales, blue notes, harmony, texture, form, and musical style
Musical Style set of characteristic musical features set to a specific genre of music