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Positioning chpt7

QuestionAnswer
What two bony points must be located in order to do a pelvis projection? ASIS and pubis symphsis
The Ilia articulates with the sacrum posteriorly at what? the SI joint
How many deg should the feet and lower limbs be internally rotated for an AP pelvis? 15-20
Central ray angle for AP pelvis enters where? 2 “ superior of the pubis symphsis
What is shown in profile if the lower limbs are in the correct position for the AP pelvis? Greater trochanters
What method will demonstrate the femoral necks in the AP oblique projection? Modified cleaves
AP oblique femoral neck, modified cleaves method, what angle is put on the central ray? 0 deg perpendicular
How much are the thighs adducted for the AP oblique (modified cleaves method) projection of the femoral necks? 45 deg
What is the degree of angle for a bilateral hip? Unilateral hip projection? bilateral 25-45 and unilateral 45 modified cleaves method
Which plane should be positioned to the midline of the grid for an AP of hip? 2” medial to the ASIS Sagittal
How many degrees is the lower limb and foot internally rotated for AP hip? 10-20
Central ray angle for an AP projection of the hip? perpendicular
What method demonstrates the hip in a lateral projection? Longstein-Hickey method
What method shows the hip in an axiolateral position? Danelius-Miller
What is the name of the cross table hip projection? Axiolateral projection
How many degrees rotation of the foot and lower limb are required for the Danelius-Miller axiolateral projection? 15-20
What are some of the things needed for the axiolateral projection danelius-miller? sandbags,ect
For the Danielius –miller projection, what direction is the central ray for an axiolateral projection of the hip? Perpendicular to the long axis of the femoral neck and perpendicular to the IR
For the Danelius-miller projection, how is the IR positioned? Parallel to the long axis of the femoral necks, parallel to the ASIS
What is the respiration phase for axiolateral projection of the hip? Suspended respiration
What is the respiration phase for AP projection of the pelvis? Suspended respiration
Which of the following rami is part of the pubis? Superior , inferior
What size IR and which position is used for an AP projection of the hip? 10x12 lengthwise
What is an importantly used reference point for the hip? ASIS
Strongest bone in the body? Femur
In the anatomical position, the body of the femur is angled how many degrees? 10
How far apart should the heels be placed to internally rotate the lower limbs for an AP pelvis? 8-10
Where do you center the IR for an AP pelvis? Midway between the ASIS and the pubis symphsis
Where is the central ray directed for an AP oblique projection of the femoral neck? 1” superior to the pubis symphsis
What best describes the female pelvis? Oval inlet and wide outlet
The SI joint is what kind of joint? Synovial gliding
Malformation of the acetabulum causing displacement of the femoral head is called what? Congenital hip dysplasia
Flattening of the femoral head owing to vascular interruption? Legg-calve-perthes disease
In relation to the midsagittal plane, the SI joints angle how much? 25-30
Body is placed in what angle for an AP oblique projection judet method of the acetabulum? 45
Central ray angle for AP oblique judet method of the acetabulum? 2” inferior to the ASIS
Where does the central ray enter the point for AP hip? 2.5 “ distal to midline of the ASIS and pubic symphsis
What is the recommended collimated field size for an AP hip? 10x12
On axiolateral projection of the hip, which of the following best describes the direction of the central ray? Perpendicular to the long axis of the femoral neck, enters mid thigh and passes through the femoral neck about 2 ½ inches below the point of intersection of the localization lines
Internal oblique position for the AP oblique projection judet method demonstrates what? Iliopubic column, and the posterior rim of the acetabulum
External rotation for the AP oblique projection judet method demonstrates what? Ilioishial column and the anterior rim of the acetabulum
What is the purpose of having the head and neck of the greater trochanter on the same projection? To be able to compare them better
What makes up the hip joint? Ilium, pubis, and the ischium
Where should the IR be centered in an AP hip radiograph? Perpendicular to the femoral neck
What type of joint is the hip joint? Ball and socket synovial joint
Which of the following projections can be performed with the use of a compensating filter? Axiolateral projection
The internal oblique position using the Judet method is for a suspected fracture of which column? Iliopubic Column
This is rheumatoid arthritis variant involving the SI joints and spine: Ankylosing Spondylitis
Malformation of the acetabulum causing displacement of the femoral head: Congenital Hip Dysplasia
Flattening of the femoral head owing to vascular interruption: Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
Form of arthritis marked by progressive cartilage deterioration in synovial joints and vertebrae: Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease)
Increased density of atypically soft bone: Osteopetrosis
Loss of bone density: Osteoporosis
Thick, soft bone marked by bowing and fractures: Paget Disease
Proximal portion of femur dislocated from distal portion at the proximal epiphysis: Slipped Epiphysis
Malignant tumor arising from cartilage cells: Chondrosarcoma
Malignant neoplasm of plasma cells involving the bone marrow and causing destruction of the bone: Multiple Myeloma
Created by: atesta0824