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Module 10_5 part 1

Part 1: Chapter 22

Brand/QuestionGeneric/AnswerDrug Class/Indication
Arryhthmis irregular rhythm of heart
CHF congestive heart failure; inability of heart to pump efficiently caused by edema
CAD several diseases that affect the heart
Diuretic increase of output urine and diuresis
Hyperlipidemia high content of lipids in circulatory system
Myocardial Infarction (MI) death of heart muscle
stroke impaired cerebral blood flow
stroke causes thrombosis, hemorrhage or embolism
Thrombolytic medications used to break up blood clots
vein vessel used to carry deoxygenated blood to or toward the heart
Aldomet methyldopa Antihypertensive
Catapres clonidine Antihypertensive
Diuril Clorothiazide Antihypertensive
Cozaar losartan Angiotensin II Antagonist
Diovan valsartan Angiotensin II Antagonist
Inderal propanolol Beta blocker
Lopressor metoprolol Beta blocker
Sectral acebutolol Beta blocker
Lanoxin digoxin Cardiac glycoside; Antiarryhthmic; Tx of CHF and certain arrythmic
Accupril quinapril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Capoten captopril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Lotensin benazepril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Monopril fosinopril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Zestril lisinopril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Vasotec enalapril Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
Calan, Isoptin verapamil Calcium Channel Blocker
Cardizem CD diltiazem Calcium Channel Blocker
Norvasc amlodipine Calcium Channel Blocker
Procardia, Adalat nifedipine Calcium Channel Blocker
Coumadin warfarin Anticoagulant
Liquaemin heparin Anticoagulant
Bumex bumetanide Loop diuretic
Nitrostat nitroglycerin nitrates, vasodilators
Transderm Nitro nitroglycerin patches Vasodilators
Lipitor atorvastatin HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
Lopid gemfibrozil Fibric acid
Mevacor lovastatin HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
Pravachol provastatin HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
Questran cholestyramine Antihyperlipdemic
Zocor simvastatin HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor
Zetia ezetimibe Antihyperlipidemic
Abbokinase urokinase Thrombolytic
Activase alteplase Thrombolytic
Streptase streptokinase Thrombolytic
Colestid colestipol Bile Acid Sequestrant
WelChol colesevelam Bile Acid Sequestrant
Anatomy of heart 3 main layers
Endocardium inside: has a smooth acordion pleat-like surface; allows heart wall to collaspe when it contracts
Myocardium heart muscle that contracts
Epicardium outside:outer layer of the heart
Oxygenation heart has two pumps; right ventricle, expelling blood to the pulmonary arteries that go to lungs has blood thats fully oxygenated from the air we breathe
Conditions affecting the heart Coronary Artery Disease is associated w/ atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis hardening and loss of elasticity of the arterial vessels
Common conditions leading to Hypertension Genetics, age, gender, race, lifestyle, diet, anxiety, alcohol consumption, sodium intake
Classification of Hypertension Systolic First Measurements/ Diastolic Second Measurements
Thrombosis forming blood clots
Antiarrhythmics quinidex(PO), quinalan(IV), quinidine sulfate, quinidine gluconate
Pronestyl procainamide Antiarrhythmics
Norpace CR disopyramide Antiarrhythmics
Xylocaine` lidocaine Antiarrhythmics
Common Tx of CHF cardioglycosides
Drug actgion of Cardioglycosides increase forcefulness of the pumping heart but not the oxygen requirements
Zaroxolyn metolazone Thiazide like diuretic
Aldactone spironolactone potassium-sparing diuretic
Dyrenium triamterene potassium-sparing diuretic
Diamox acetazolimide Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Vasodilators Drug action dilate arterie to increase blood flow. Decrease workload of heart
Warfarin & Aspirin can't be taken together; may cause internal bleeding
Angina Pectoris decrease in blood flow to the heart causing chest pain
Created by: vwe-student