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Music Chapters 1 &2

A Music Appreciation Class

Source of Sound The types of instruments and/or voices producing the sound.
Pitch The highness or lowness of the sound. Scientifically, the frequency of the sound.
Rhythm The beat, tempo and meter of a song.
Beat Pulse. Regular or irregular?
Tempo The speed of a song. Fast, moderate, or slow?
Meter The organization of a song into beat groups. Groups of 2, 3, or 4 (or a combination)
Melody The main tune.
Cunjunct Melody Smooth, stepwise.
Disjunct Melody Jumps aroudn in pitch, wide leaps of pitch.
Counter Melody A sort of melody played by a second instrument underlaying the true melody.
Harmony Two or more tones taht occur at the same time.
Form How are the sections of the song organized? A, B, A, B, C, B....
Texture The "layers of a song. Four main types of texture: Homophonic, Polyphonic, Monophonic, Heterophonic...
Homophonic Main melody with accompaniment.
Polyphonic All voices/instruments performing different parts rhythmically and pitch-wise but at the same time.
Monophonic Music in which all of the voices or instruments are singing/ playing the exact, same melody using the exact, same rhythm with no harmony whatsoever. (ex. Gregorian chant)
Heterophonic Music with slightly different versions of the same meldoy sung and played at the same time.
Timbre The actual sound of the instrument or voice. Discribe it as dark, mellow, rich, bright, etc...
Dynamics The volume of the sound. Forte (loud), piano (soft), mezzo-forte (medium loud)
Strings Instruments with strings.
Woodwinds Instruments probabaly originally made of wood. Also an instrument that typically uses a reed.
Brass Instruments made fo brass. Cup-shaped mouthpiece.
Percussion Instruments that keep tempo.
What is Music Art. Organized sound and silence.
Created by: MrsLippig
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