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CRMA Unit 2 Pg 14

Medication Classification Terms & Definitions

TermDefinition
Amphetamine Cerebral stimulant
Analgesic pain reliever
Antacid prevents or relieves gastric distress
Antianxiety (Benzodiazepines) prevents or relieves anxiety
Antiarrhythmic (Heart Rhythm Regulators) prevents or relieves irregular heartbeat
Antiasthmatic (Bronchodilator) prevents or relieves respiratory distress
Antibiotic resolves infection
Anticoagulant prevents blood clotting
Anticonvulsant (Antiepileptics) prevents or controls seizures
Antidepressant prevents or relieves the symptoms of depression
Antidiabetic controls diabetes, decreases blood sugar
Antidiarrheal controls diarrhea
Antiemetic controls nausea and vomiting
Antifungal resolves fungal infection
Antihistamine relieve allergic symptoms
Antihyperlipidemic decreases cholesterol and triglycerides
Antihypertensive controls high blood pressure
Anti-inflammatory: Steroid Decreases inflammation, swelling, pain; naturally occurring hormone
Anti-inflammatory: NSAID Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug, synthetic
Anti-ovulant prevents ovulation, birth control medication
Antiparkinson controls tremors which are symptoms of Parkinson's disease
Antipruritic relieves itching
Antipsychotic (Neuroleptics) controls systems of psychotic diseases such as schizophrenia
Antipyretic reduces fever
Antispasmodic prevents muscle spasms
Antitussive (Cough Suppressant) relieves cough
Cardiac Drugs drugs which slow and regulate the heartbeat
Coagulants causes blood to clot
Decongestant relieves congestion
Diuretic relieves fluid retention
Electrolyte Supplement replaces depleted body chemicals
Emetic causes vomiting
Expectorant loosens secretions so they can be coughed up
Hormonal Replacements replaces hormones in the body
Hypnotic (Sedative) causes sleep
Laxative (Cathartic) causes bowel movement
Miotic causes constriction of the pupil of the eye
Muscle Relaxant Relaxes skeletal muscle
Psychotropic any mind altering drug, i.e. antipsychotic, antidepressant, anti-anxiety, hypnotics
Stool Softener draws fluid into the GI tracts to soften stool
Sulfa Drugs treats urinary tract infection
Vaccine prevents disease
Vasodilator relaxes and dilates blood vessels
Vitamin Supplement replaces vitamins
Created by: 100001321957590