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AB.Psych_CH.2 Terms

Abnormal Psych (6th ed.) - Halgin & Whitbourne - CH.2_terms

axis a class of information in DSM-IV regarding an aspect of the individual's functioning
base rate the frequency with which a disorder occurs in the general population
case formulation a clinician's analysis of the factors that might have influenced the client's current psychological state
client person seeking psychological treatment
clinical psychologist mental health professional w/training in the behavioral sciences who provides direct service to clients
community mental health center (CMHC) outpatient clinic that provides psychological services on a sliding scale to serve individuals who live w/in a certain geographic region
comorbidity multiple diagnostic conditions that occur simultaneously w/in the same individual
culture-bound syndromes recurrent patterns of abnormal behavior or experience that are limited to specific societies or cultural areas
day treatment program a structured program in a CTF that provides activities similar to those provided in a psychiatric hospital
decision tree a strategy used for Dx, consisting of yes/no questions that guide clinicians in ruling in or out psychological disorders
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM) a book published by the APA that contains standard terms & definitions of psychological disorders
differential diagnosis the process of systematically ruling out alternative Dx
evidence-based practice in psychology clinical decision making that integrates the best available research evidence & clinical expertise in the context of the cultural background, preferences, & characteristics of clients
family therapy psychological TX in which the therapist works w/ several or all members of the family
global assessment of functioning (GAF) scale Axis V of the DSM-IV , a scale that rates the individual's overall level of psychological health
group therapy Psych TX in which the therapist facilitates discussion among several clients who talk together about their problems
halfway house CTF designed for deinstitutionalized clients leaving a hospital who are not yet ready for independent living
individual psychotherapy Psych Tx in which the therapist works on a one-to-one basis with the client
milieu therapy Tx approach, used in an inpatient psych facility, in which all facets of the milieu, or environment, are components of the Tx
modality the form in which psychotherapy is offered
multiaxial system a multidimensional classification & Dx system that summarizes a variety of relevant info about an individual's physical & psychological functioning
neurosis behavior that involves symptoms that are distressing to an individual & that the person recognizes as unacceptable; unofficially used to characterize psych disorders considered to be less severe than psychosis
patient in the medical model, a person who receives Tx
principal diagnosis the disorder that is considered to be the primary reason the individual seeks professional help
prognosis a client's likelihood of recovering from a disorder
psychiatrist a medical doctor (MD) with advanced training in treating people with psych disorders
psychological testing a broad range of measurement techniques, all of which involve having people provide scorable info about their psychological functioning
psychosis behavior involving loss of contact w/reality
reliability the consistency of measurements or Dx
syndrome a collection of symptoms that form a definable pattern
validity the extent to which a test, Dx, or rating accurately & distinctively characterizes a person's psychological status
Created by: sheaton