Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Psychology Ch.2

QuestionAnswer
prefrontal lobotomy surgical procedure that severs fibers connecting the frontal lobes of the brain from the underlying thalamus
heuristic mental shortcut that helps us to streamline our thinking and make sense of our world
representativeness heuristic heuristic that involves judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype
base rate how common a characteristic or behavior is in the general population
availability heuristic heuristic that involves estimating the likeliness of an occurrence based on the ease with which it comes to our minds
cognitive biases systematic errors in thinking
hindsight bias tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes
overconfidence tendency to overestimate our ability to make correct predicions
naturalistic observation watching behavior in real-world settings without trying to manipulate the situation
external validity extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world settings
internal validity extent to which we can draw cause-and-effect inferences from a study
case study research design that examines one person or a small number of people in depth, often over an extended time period
existence proof demonstration that a given psychological phenomenon can occur
random selection procedure that ensures every person in a population has an equal chance of being chosen to participate
reliability consistency of measurement
validity extent to which a measure assesses what it purports to measure
response set tendency of research participants to distort their responses to questionnaire items
correlational designs research design that examines the extent to which two variables are associated
illusory correlation perception of a statistical association between two variables where none exists
experiment research design characterized by random assignment of participants to conditions and manipulation of an independent variable
random assignment randomly sorting participants into two groups
placebo effect improvement resulting from the mere expectation of improvement
blind unaware of whether one is in the experimental or control group
double-blind when neither researchers nor participants are aware of who's in the experimental or control group
demand characteristics cues that participants pick up from a study that allow them to generate guesses regarding the researcher's hypotheses
informed consent informing research participants of what is involved in a study before asking them to participate
Created by: rlhaas