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5th Gr. Geography

CCS 5th Grade Social Studies

cardinal directions one of the four main directions on a compass; north, south,east, and west
intermediate directions the directions halfway between cardinal directions; northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
geographic grid the intersection pattern formed by lines of longitude and latitude
degree a measure of distance
latitude distance, measured in degrees, north or south of the Equator
longitude distance, measured in degrees, east or west of the Prime Meridian
coordinates a set of numbers that help identify a specific place on a globe or map
Equator the line of latitude drawn at the half-way point between the North Pole and the South Pole at 0°
Prime Meridian the line of longitude drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole at 0°
International Date Line the line of longitude drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole at 180° that designates the beginning of a new day west of the line
time zones 24 regions of the world each one hour apart
hemispheres half of the earth divided by either the Prime Meridian (eastern, western) or Equator (northern, southern)
location where one place is in relation to another
geographical thinking the ability to think about places and their characteristics
climate the pattern of weather in a place over a long period of time; average precipitation and temperature; climate is affected by elevation, distance from the ocean,and latitude
tropical climates rainy most, or all, of the year; hot all year
dry climates dry most, or all, of the year; hot summers, cold to warm winters
mild climates wet in winter or all year; warm to hot summers, cool winters
continental climates wet summers; warm to hot summers, cold winters
highland climates vary greatly with elevation
polar climates dry all year; cool to very cold all year
Created by: ekahl5