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Text Structures

Text StructureDefinitionExampleKey Words
Description Gives the main idea with supporting details - Creates images through words - appeals to the senses of sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch The classroom is located in the west wing of the building. It has 15 student desks and one teacher’s desk. There are many books shelved on three bookcases in this room. For example: Characteristics are: For instance, Actually, In addition,
Cause and Effect Tells what happened and what the result was; how events The teacher walked into the lunchroom and noticed all of the kids were yelling. Due to the yelling, the teacher put her hand in the air. As a result of this action the students started to get quiet. “WHY?” questions Because If…then As a result of… The effect… On account of… Consequently, Due to
Compare and Contrast Describes how two or more things are alike and how they are different Mrs. D and Ms. V are very similar yet maintain some differences. Mrs. D teaches reading while Ms. V teaches social studies. One thing they have in common is their use of reading strategies. Different… By comparison, Both… Alike… Same as… In contrast, Similarly, By contrast, On the other hand, The endings –er, -est (for ex: taller, tallest)
Problem and Solution Tells what was wrong and how it was fixed The students in room 136 had a problem: they didn’t like their student desks. They tried to come up with possible solutions. One logical solution was to write a persuasive letter to the principal about the desks and why they do not like them. The problem is… The puzzle… The question is… One possible way to solve this problem…
Sequence Tells events in chronological order or steps in how to do something Aubrey’s day at school began well. First, she was chosen to be the helper. Second, Aubrey got an A on her science test. Third, she made first string in basketball. All in all, Aubrey was happy with how her day went. First, second, third… Next, then… Before, during, after… Later, earlier… The inclusion of dates or times
Created by: Mrs. Pierson