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Stack #975450


Infrastructure network of facilities and systems an organisation needs in order to function
Commercial Places of business e.g shopping centres
Residential Please where people live
Industrial Heavy or toxic industries
Administration Day to day business and duties e.g governments
Low- order functions Provides smaller settlements such as villages and hamlets with grocery shops, service stations etc
High- order functions Provides cities or metropolises with universities and hospitals
Conurbation Urban area that forms when with a merge of several cities, but keep separate identities e.g. Tokyo
Metropolis Large populations, offer a broad range of high- order functions
City Large urban settlement with clear defined boundaries an public functions
Town Urban settlement smaller than a city larger than a village. Offers low- order functions
Village Small settlement, residential population, small number of low- order functions
Hamlet Tiny settlement, small number of residential/ work buildings with possible other low- order functions
Urban Sprawl Outward invasion causing a city's outskirts to be a continuos state of change as rural land is converted to urban use. Cities progressively growing outwards, spreading into the surrounding countryside and invading adjacent towns, shores, undeveloped land
Urban Renewable Better use of vacant and under- utilised land
Urban Consolidation Planning that enhances use of inner- city land by replacing previous low- density land with medium- density townhouses
Gentrification Rundown buildings in older suburbs which are renovated
Primate city Largest city in each state reasons: it has been built on rivers
Ecological Footprint a measure of the overall environmental impact of human communities including direct local effects, indirect regional, use of recourses and waste it produces
Doughnut effect loss of population and services from inner- city suburbs to outer areas of a city
Suburbanisation Residential sections of the city expand due to: Population grown, lifestyle values, public transport growth
Re- urbanisation Towns and cities experience loss of population but reverse the decline and begin growth
Demographic sustainability regional areas experiencing marked population decline. Less agricultural labour has been required so loss of employment and there for loss of population
Sea change phenomenon Growth of coastal communities. people moving from non- coastal areas and capital cities to the coast
Push factors Encourage people to leave one place - unemployment - expensive housing - Place of life - Overcrowding
Pull factors Attract them to another - Pleasant environemnt - Affordable housing - Relaxed lifestyle - Good climate
Hierarchy of Settlements Vary in size and complexity according to location, political- cultural background, population, infrastructure, services. Ranked according to size and importance.
Conurbation Tokyo
Metropolis Brisbane
Large City Townsville
Small City Gympie
Large Town Proserpine
Small Town Home Hill
Village Wallaville
Hamlet Bulloo Down
Created by: ella maree



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