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root words


Aer-, aero denoting gas
alge-, algesi-, algo- relating to pain
anomalo- denoting irreguarity
arthro- relating to joints
brevi- short
celio- denoting the abdomen
chol-, chole-, cholo- relating to bile
chrom-, chromo- relating to color
cranio-, relating to the cranium or the skull
cryano-, cryo- denoting cold
crypt- to hide, a pit
cyano- dark blue
cyclo- pertaing to a cycle
cysto- relating to sac or cyst
cyto- denoting a cell
dacryo- pertaining to the lacrimal glands
dactylo- relating to digits
dent-, dento-, donto-, relating to teeth
derma-, dermat- relating to skin
desmo- relating to the bond or ligament
dextro- right
diplo- double, twofold
dorsi-, dorso- referring to the back
duodeno- relating to the duodenum
electro- relating to electricity
encephalo- denoting the brain
entero- relating to the intestines
eso- inward
facio- relating to the face
gero-, geronto- denoting old age
gingiva- relating to the gingiva or gum
gloss-, glosso- relating to the tongue
gluco- denoting sweetness
glyco- relating to sugar
gnath-, gnatho- denoting the jaw
hist-, histio-, histo- relating to a tissue
hydr-, hydro- denoting water
ileo- pertaining to the ileum
ipsi- meaning self
irido- relating to a colored circle
iso- equal
jejuno- pertaining to the jejunum
kerato- relating to the cornea
labio- pertaing the the lips
lacto- relating to milk
laparo- pertaing to the loin or flank
latero- pertaing to the side
leido-, leio- smooth
leuk-, leuko- denoting deficiency of the color
lip-, lipo- pertaing to fat
litho- denoting a calculus
macr-, macro- large, long
masti-, mastro- relating to the breast
meg-, mega- great, large
meningo- spinal cord
micro-, micro- small in size or extent
mono- one
morpho- relating to form
multi- many
my-, myo- relating to the muscle
myc-, mycet- denoting to fungus
myringo- denoting tympani or the eardrum
myx-, myxo- pertaing to mucus
naso- relating to the nose
necro- denoting death
neo- new
nephro-, nephro- denoting the kidney
normo- normal or usual
oculo- denoting the eye
onco- denoting a swelling or mass
onycho- relating to the nails
oo- denoting an egg
opisth-, opistho- backward
ophthal-, opthalmo- pertaing to the eye
optico- relating to vision
orchi-, orcho- relating to the testes
oro- relating to the mouth
ortho- straight, right
osteo-, relating to the bones
ot-, oto- denoting an ear
patho- denoting disease
pedia-, pedo- denoting a child or young
perineo- anus and scrotum or vuvla
phago- denoting a relationship to eat
pharyngo- pertaing to the phartnx
phleb-, phlebo- denoting the veins
phot-, photo- relating to light
pilo- relating to hair
plasmo- relating to plasmaor the substance of the cell
pneuma-, pneumono-, pneumoto- denoting air or gas
pod-, podo- many
ptyalo- denoting saliva
pulmo- denoting the lung
pupillo- denoting the pupil
pyel-, pyelo- denoting the pelvis
pyloro- relating to the pylorus
py-, pyo- denoting pus
recto- denoting the rectum
rhin-, rhino- denoting the nose
sclero- denoting hardness
sero- pertaining to serum
sinistro- left
somato- denoting the body
spasmo- denoting a spasm
spermato, spermo- denoting sperm
sphero- denoting a sphere, round
sphygma- denoting a pulse
spleen-, spleno- denoting a spleen
staphyl-, staphylo- resembling a bunch of grapes
steno- narrow,short
steth-, stetho- relating to the chest
stomato- relating to the stomach
sym-, syn- with, along,together
tacho-, tachy- swift
tarso- relating to the flat of the foot
terato- denoting a marvel, prodigy, or monster
thoraco- relating to the chest
thrombo- denoting a clot of blood
toxico-, toxo- denoting poison
tracheo- denoting the trachea
trichi-, tricho- denoting hair
ur-, uro-, urono- relating to urine
vaso- denoting a vessel
veno- denoting a vein
ventri-, vento- denoting the abdomen
vertebro- relating to the vertebra
viscero- denoting the organs of the body
vivi- denoting alive
xantho- denoting yellow
xero- denoting dryness
Created by: Jessica vet