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Chapter one final

lowest level of organization chemical level
order of organization smallest to largest atom,molecules and cells
4 types of tissue epithelial, Connective, Muscular and Nervous
10 individual body systems Skeletal, circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, nervous, muscular, endocrine and integumentary
Skeletal System 206 adult bones, support and protect, allow movement, produced blood cells and store calcium
Circulatory System cardiovascular organs & lymphatic systems distributes
Functions Circulatory System distributes o2,protect against disease, regulate body temp
Digestive system prepare food for absorption, eliminates body temp
Respiratory System supply oxygen, eliminates carbon dioxide from blood,
Urinary System Regulate chemical composition of blood, eliminates waste products,
Reproductive system reproduce organisms
Nervous system regulates body activities with electrical impulses
Muscular Systems Skeletal,smooth, cardiac
Cardiac muscles only with walls of heart
skeletal muscles movement
smooth muscles involuntary
Endocrine system all ductless glands
Integumentary systems skin and all structures derived from the skin, largest organ of the body
Axial skeleton skull, hyoid, small bones in ear, vertabral column, thorax 80 bones total
appendicular skeleton 126 bones, limbs shoulder pelvis, lower limbs
Classification of bones Long, short, flat and irregular
long bone body and two ends
Composition of long bone compact, spongy(contains red marrow),periosteum
Sort bones roughly cubodial
flat bones two plates of compact bones
Irregular have peculiar shapes
Joints Functional-Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis,Diarthrosis, Structural- Fibrous, Cartilaginous and synovial
Functional Joints Synarthrosis-immovable Amohiarthrosis-limited movement Diarthrosis-freely moving
Structural Joints Fibrous,Cartilaginous and Synovial
Posteroanterior projection (PA) CR goes through posterior(back) to anterior(front)
Anteroposterior Projection (AP) CR goes through anterior (front) to posterior (back)
AP oblique Projection CR enters anterior (front) to Posterior (back) at an angle
PA oblique Projection CR enters posterior (back) through anterior (front) at an angle
mediolateral and lateromedial projection middle or lateral area of the body part being exposed
Lateral positions side view
Oblique position enters body at an angle
left or right posterior oblique position RPO-right side to IR LPO-left side to IR
Decubitus position laying on a horizontial surface
Dorsal decube on back CR entering on the side of patient
ventral decube laying in stomach CR entering in side of patient
Axial projection any angle of CR 10 degrees or more along the axis of the body
Created by: kelmccauley