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Behavior Therapies

Behavior therapies; skinner, bandura

QuestionAnswer
behavior therapy practitioners focus on observable behavior, current determinants of behavior, learning experiences that promote change, assessment and evaluation
classical conditioning refers to what happens prior to learning that creates a response through pairing
key figure in classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov
A procedure, developed by Joseph Wolpe, that is based on classical conditioning model systematic desensitization
Operant conditioning involves a type of learning when behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them.
The general goals of behavioral therapy are to increase personal choice and create new conditions for learning.
Behavioral therapists use a functional assessment (or behavioral analysis) to gather information about antecedents, dimensions of problem behavior,consequences of the problem (ABC model)
Antecedent events are ones that cue of elicit a certain behavior
Consequences are events that maintain a behavior in some way by either increasing or decreasing it
Positive Reinforcement the addition of something as a consequence to increase the likelihood of a behavior
Negative Reinforcement the elimination or avoidance of an unpleasant stimuli to increase a behavior
Positive punishment An aversive stimulus is added to decrease or eliminate a behavior
Negative punishment a positive or reinforcing stimulus is removed following the behavior to decrease likelihood of behavior occurring again.
Skinner believed punishment________ had limited value in changing behavior and was often an undesirable way to modify behavior.
Systematic Desensitization Clients imagine successively more anxiety-arousing situations at the same time that they engage in a behavior that competes with the anxiety
Created by: shelldhartman