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psyc1010_ch.11

Chapter 11- Personality

QuestionAnswer
Personality an individual's consistent patterns of feeling, thinking & behaving
Traits relatively enduring characteristics that influences our behavior across many situations
5 Factor Model of Personality (Big 5) 5 fundamental underlying trait dimensions that R stable across time, cross-culturally shared & explain a substantial portion of behavior
Barnum Effect observation that people tend to believe in descriptions of their personality that supposedly R descriptive of them but could in fact describe almost anyone
MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) test used around the world to identify personality & psychological disorders
Leadership ability to direct/inspire others to achieve goals
Charismatic Leaders who R enthusiastic, committed & self-confident; tend to talk about the importance of group goals at broad level & make personal sacrifices for group
Psychodynamic (Psychology) Approach approach- understanding human behavior that focuses on role of unconscious thoughts, feelings & memories
ID component of personality that forms the basis of our most primitive impulses
SuperEgo our sense of morality & oughts
Ego component of personality that is largely conscious controller/decision-maker of personality
Defense Mechanism unconscious psychological strategies used to cope w/anxiety & maintain a positive self-image
Collective Unconscious collection of shared ancestral memories (Carl Jung's theory)
Self-Concept set of beliefs about who we R
Humanistic Psychology approach to psychology that embraces the notions of self-esteem, self-actualization & free will
Self-Esteem our positive feeling about the self
Self-Actualization motivation to develop our innate potential to the fullest possible extent
Unconditional Positive Regard set of behaviors including being genuine, open to experience, transparent, able to listen to others, self-disclosing & empathic
Gene basic biological unit-transmits characteristic from 1 generation to the next
Behavioral Genetics variety of research techniques- sscientist use to learn about the genetic & environmental influences on human behavior by comparing the traits of biologically & non-biologically related family members
Molecular Genetics study of which genes R associated with which personality traits
Created by: LeTran