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Psyc 1010_Ch. 10

Chapter 10_Emotion & Motivation

QuestionAnswer
Affect experience of feeling/emotion
Arousal bodily responses created by the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system
Emotion mental & physiological felling state that directs our attention & guide our behavior
Motivation driving force that initiates & directs behavior
Basic Emotion anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise
Cognitive Appraisal cognitive interpretations that accompany emotions
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion emotion is accompanied by physiological arousal
James-Lange theory of emotion experience of emotion is the result of the arousal that we experience
2-factor theory of emotion the experience of emotion is determined by the intensity of the arousal we are experiencing, but that the cognitive appraisal of the situation determines what the emotion will be
Misattribution of arousal when we incorrectly label the source of arousal that we are experiencing
Nonverbal Communication Communication- primarily of liking/disliking that does not involve words
Facial feedback hypothesis movement of our facial muscles can trigger corresponding emotions
Stress Physiological responses that occur when an organism fails to respond appropriately to emotional/physical threats
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) medical syndrome that includes symptoms of anxiety, sleeplessness, nightmares & social withdrawal
General adaption syndrome distinct phase of physiological change that occur in response to long-term stress: alarm, resistance, exhaustion
HPA axis physiological response to stress involve among of: hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal glands
Cortisol stress hormone that releases sugars into the blood, help preparing the body to respond to threat
daily hassles our everyday negative interactions with the environment
fight-or-flight response emotional & behavioral reaction to stress that increases the readiness for action
tend & befriend response behavioral reaction to stress that involves activities designed to create social networks that provide protection from threats
emotion regulation ability to successfully control our emotion
optimism tendency to expect positive outcome
self-efficacy belief in our ability to carry our action that produce desired outcomes
social support experience of having positive & supportive social relationships w/others
basal metabolic rate amount of energy expended while @ rest (influences one's weight)
anorexia nervosa eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight, distorted body image & obsessive fear of gaining weight
bulimia nervosa eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging
obesity medical condition in which so much excess body fat has accumulated in the body that it begins to have an adverse impact on health
sexual response cycle biological sexual response in humans
sexual orientation direction of our sexual desire toward people of the opposite sex or people of both sexes
Created by: LeTran