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summary of pathology

QuestionAnswer
bone cyst fluid-filled cyst with a wall of fibrous tissue
congenital clubfoot abnormal twisting of the foot, usually inward and downward
dislocation displacement of a bone from the joint space
fracture disruption in the coninuity of bone
Pott's fracture avulsion fracture of the medial malleolus with loss of the ankle mortise
Jones' fracture an avulsion fracture of the base of the fifth metatarsal
gout hereditary form of arthritis in which uric acid is deposited in joints
metastases transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
osgood-schlatter disease incomplete separation or avulsion of the tibial tuberosity
osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease form of arthritis marked by progressive cartillage deterioration in synovial joints and vertebrae
osteomalacia or rickets softening of the bones due to vitamin D deficiency
osteomylitis inflamation of bone due to pyogenic infection
osteopetrosis increased density of atypically soft bone
osteoporosis loss of bone density
Paget's disease chronic metabolic disease of bone marked by weakened deformed, and thickened bone that fractures easily
tumor new tissu growth where cell proliferation is uncontrolled
chondrosarcoma malignant tumor arising from cartilage cells
enchondroma benign tumor consisting of cartilage
ewling's sarcoma malignant tumor of bone arising in medullary tissue
osteochondroma or exostosis benign bone tumor projection with a cartilaginous cap
osteoclastoma or giant cell tumor lucent lesion in the metaphysis, usually at the distal femur
osteoid osteoma a benign lesion of cortical bone
osteosarcoma malignant, primary tumor of bone with bone or cartilage formation
Created by: bigad1982