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Struggling Readers

SPED 730 LD Stack

Is reading a natural process that should come easily? No! Reading is a complex process that includes many parts of the brain working quickly and efficiently together.
What is phonological awareness? The awareness of and ability to manipulate the sound structures in words.
If you wanted to work with a young child on phonological awareness, what are some questions you could ask? Ex: What would be left if you took the /p/ sound away from pin? What word do you get if you put together /d/, /o/, /g/? What is the last sound in tree?
What is alphabetic understanding? Establishing a clear link between a letter and a sound.
What are some challenges for older struggling readers? Lack of interest and motivation, prior poor experiences, embarrassment, little opportunity to practice missing skills.
What are some ways instruction for adults might be different than that for children? Adults may need more explanation as to the effect a new skill will have not heir lives, can be taught using sophisticated linguistic terms, and may need augmentation of their vocabulary.
Does research better favor explicit phonetic instruction or context-based programs for struggling readers? Direct, phonetic instruction is more effective. Struggling readers have trouble making these connections in words.
Can good comprehension skills make up for poor decoding skills? No. Comprehension depends on proper decoding. If students do not know what the individual words mean, there is little chance they will be able to focus on the overall meaning
What are some contributing causes of poor reading? Neurological, Familial, Social, and Instructional factors all affect a student's ability to read effectively
Created by: oneillke