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Introduction to ps

Lifespan developmen

QuestionAnswer
What is Psychology? The term psychology originated from two greek words (psych) meaning mind and (logos) meaning study or knowledge. Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes in humans.
What is a psychiatrist? A psychiatrist is a qualified medical doctor who has obtained additional qualification to become a specialist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness and emotional problems.
What training and study does a psychiatrist undertake in order for them to qualify as a psychiatrist? Psychiatrists forst undertake six years of university study and training to gain their basic medical qualifications as a doctor. They then work as an intern in a general hospital for a further 12 months to gain practical experience in medicine and surgery
Sport Psychologist Helps athletes to develop mental skills to achieve peak performance
Community psychologist Works with individuals, community groups and organizations to improve health and welfare of people in the community.
Biological psychologist Focuses on bodily structures, systems and activities associated with behavior and mental processes.
Forensic psychologist Works with people in legal and correctional service settings.
Organisational psychologist Helps people in work places.
Educational and development psychologist Helps people with issues that affect learning or with life changes.
Counseling Psychologist Helps people deal with all kinds of personal and relationship issues.
Clinical neuropsychologist Helps rehabilitate people with problems arising from brain damage or irregularities in brain function
Personality psychologist Focuses on peoples characteristics and enduring ways of thinking, feeling and behaving
Health psychologist Promotes and maintains health related behavior, works on improving the healthcare system.
Clinical psychologist Focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental health problems.
Social psychologist Focuses on how behavior can change in different social situations
Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt is thought of as the founder of experimental psychology. He established the first psychological laboratory and emphasised the importance of using a scientific approach to collect psychological data
The Biological perspective focuses on how physiological structure and bodily functions influence thoughts, feelings and behaviour. Important contributors to this perspective were Broca, Sperry and Penfield.
The Behavioural perspective emphasises the effect of the environment (external influences) on behaviour. Watson, Pavlov and Skinner all had a significant influence on this perspective.
The Cognitive perspective emphasises the effect of mental processes on behaviour. Ebbinghaus, Piaget and Gardner are all major contributors to this perspective.
The Socio-cultural perspective is the combination of two different but related areas of psychology

PSEUDOSCIENCE Pseudoscience is any discipline that appears to be scientific but does not adhere to scientific methodology.
Created by: 100003283899418
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