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Radiology Chapter 7

The Language of Medicine Outline

BE Barium Enema
BID Twice Daily
bx Biopsy
c with
CBC complete blood count
CAD coronary artery disease
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
DX diagnosis
H/O History of
HX history
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
LMP last menstrual period
MI myocardial infarction
noc nocturnal
npo nothing by mouth
op outpatient
p/o postoperative
QUID 4 times
prn as needed
s without
r/o rule out
req requisition
Tx treatment
s/p status post
ACR American College of Radiology
AEIRA Association of Educators in Imaging and Radiologic Sciences
AHA American Hospital Association
ARDMS American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
ARRT Licensing--American Registry of Radiologic Technologists
ASRT Curriculum--American Society of Radiologic Technologists
JRCERT Accreditation-Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology
NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
RSNA Radiological Society of North America
SI International System of Units
Anode charged electrode in the X-ray tube. Source of X-ray photons
PBL Positive Beam Limitation-field of light is automatically collimated down to the designated IR size.
Bucky Device used to make the grid reciprocate back and forth to make lead lines invisible on radiograph
Cathode charged electrode in the X-ray tube. Cathode filament is the source of electrons
contrast differences in densities on a radiograph.
density degree of blackness/darkness on a radiograph
Focal Spot located on the anode target. Cathode beam is focused here. The origin of X-rays. Controls detail.
Grid device which improves/enhances film quality and contrast. Helps clear scatter. Made up of lead lines which absorb scatter radiation
HIS Hospital Information System
IP Imaging Plate. Made of photostimuable phosphor (PSP)
Intensifying Screens located in casette. Can be single/double. Screen gives off light when struck by xrays/photons as % of light forms the exposure on the film.
kVp Quality. Kilovoltage peak. Controls the energy of the X-ray beam. The higher energy; higher quality.
GR Grid Ratio- higher GR the better for scatter clean up. Scatter looks like fog.
Matrix Soft copy image comprised of rows and columns of data
PACS Picture Archiving and Communications Systems
RIS Radiology Information System-used for billing
Voxel volume element, 3D pixel.
Window Level Brightness. Mid point density in a digital image.
Window Width adjusts contrast of a digital image.
Created by: mmorrison10