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Advanced Pharm

Adv Pharm YBI Final

QuestionAnswer
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that protects against stress and is used in protein and carbohydrate metabolism. Glucocorticoid
General term for a number of organic substances necessary in trace amount for normal growth, development, metabolism, and release of energy from food. Vitamin
Difficulty with balance. Ataxia
Inflammation of the eyelids. Blepharitis
Inactive agent that carries an active medicinal ingredient. Vehicle
Agent that initiates vomiting. Emetic
Crackling sounds in joints d/t arthritis. Crepitus
Nose bleed. Epistaxis
Agent that relieves or suppresses coughing. Antitussive
Agent that helps prevent formation of gas in the GI tract. Carminative
Liquid in which substances are dissolved. Solvent
Loss of water in the body. Diuresis
Sensation of numbness, prickling, or tingling. Paresthesia
Rapid dosing of digitalis to reach a therapeutic level. Digitalization
Capable of causing abnormal cellular development of embryo or fetus. Teratogenic
Inorganic solid substance, usually a component of the earth's crust. Mineral
Hormone produce by the adrenal cortex. Steroid
Agent that causes or promotes the shedding of the skin. Keratolytic agent
Inhibiting or retarding the growth of bacteria. Bacteriostatic agent
Substance that uncouples into ion in solution and can then conduct an electrical charge. Electrolyte
Site in which effects of a drug, hormone, or therapeutic agent are primarily directed. Target organ
Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus
Constant involuntary movement of the eye in any direction. Nystagmus
Pertaining to destruction of bacteria. Bactericidal agent
To aggravate symptoms or cause increased symptomatology of a disease. Exacerbate
Immobility of joints caused by congenital conditions, surgery, trauma, or diseases. Ankylosis
Active agents that cause a bowel movement. Cathartics
Agent that decreases the viscosity or thickness of sputum or other secretions of the respiratory tract. Mucolytic
Breath-activated device that delivers a fine spray of micronized powder into the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Nebulizer
Increase or decrease in heart rate. Chronotropic effect
Clustering or coming together of substances. Aggregation
Painful urination. Dysuria
Feeling of sluggishness. Lethargy
Blood in the urine. Hematuria
Medication to relieve anxiety. Anxiolytic
Practice of using products for which scientific evidence of safety and efficacy is lacking. Alternative medicine
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that regulates cell division and protein synthesis needed for growth. Growth hormone
Originating outside an organ or organism itself. Exogenous
Remedies for illnesses passed down from generation to generation in families or culture for treatment of specific symptoms. Folk medicine
Arising from within a cell, organ, or organism itself. Endogenous
Agent that reduces, prevents, or inhibits the growth of microbial flora of the skin and mucous membrane without necessarily killing them. Antiseptic
Agent that decreases the number of microorganisms on inanimate objects and prevents infection by killing bacteria on inanimate surfaces. Disinfectant
Loss of transparency on or in the lens or capsule of the eye. Cataract
Hard eyelid cyst. Chalazion
Disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure. Glaucoma
Sense that the enviroment or oneself is revolving. Vertigo
Change in shape of the lens of the eye to adjust to viewing objects at different distances. Accommodation
Medications used in the ear. Otic preparations
Psychiatric condition characterized by alternating periods of mania and depressive states. Bipolar disorder
State of reduced mental tension characterized by calmness, but without significant sedation or mental confusion. Tranquilization
Agent that prevents or decreases intestinal spasms. Antispasmodics
Agent or substance that prevents or treats diarrhea. Antidiarrheal
Anti-inflammatory drug compound that contains salicylic acid - aspirin. Salicylate
Disease with symptoms of great muscular weakness and progressive fatigue on exertion. Myasthenia Gravis
Drug that modifies rheumatic disease. DMARD
Tablet coated with a film, formulated to pass through the stomach into the small intestine for absorption. Enteric-coated tablet
Any one of a large group of nitrogenous compounds, present in many medications and also in caffeine. Purine
Anti-inflammatory medication that does not contain a steroid preparation. NSAID
Anti-inflammatory agent that does not contain salicylic acid - Tylenol. Nonsalicylate
Therapeutic replacement of lost body substances Replacement therapy
Discomfort or a nonspecific feeling of uneasiness. Malaise
Substance dissolved in a solution or body fluids. Solute
Increase or decrease in the force of myocardial contractions. Inotropic effect
Simple proteins that are combined with lipids, cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides; a high level is undesirable. LDL
Increase or decrease in the conduction of cardiac electrical impulses. Dromotropic effect
Substances that causes constriction of the blood vessels. Vasocontrictor
Nerve or agent that cause dilation of blood vessels. Vasodilator
Principal lipids in blood. Triglycerides
Simple protein that is combined with the lipids, cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides; a high level is desirable. HDL
Drop in blood pressure that a person experiences when changing from supine position to upright position. Orthostatic hypotension
Reflex response of nasal congestion that occurs following the prolonged daily use of decongestants. Rebound congestion
Agent that reduces swelling and congestion in the respiratory tract. Decongestant
Agent that assists with the removal of mucous secretions from the lower respiratory tract. Expectorant
Agent that decreases histamine release. Antihistamine
Agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting. Antiemetic
Alleviating a symptom without curing the condition causing the symptoms. Palliative
Substance that acts to promote and facilitate the evacuation of bowel contents, alleviating constipation. Laxative
Agent that decreases excessive gas in the stomach or intestines. Antiflatulent
Agents used for treatment of intestinal worms. Anthelmintics
Agent that inhibits secretions of a gland or organ. Antisecretory agent
Created by: dsljulian