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AP II

Chap 10 Endocrine System-Hormones

QuestionAnswer
-anterior pituitary -stimulates growth in all organs Growth Hormone (GH)
-anterior pituitary -stimulates breast development during pregnancy & milk secretion after delivery Prolactin (PL)
-anterior pituitary -stimulates secretion of adrenal cortex hormones (cortisol) Adrenocorticotropic hormone ( ACTH)
-anterior pituitary -stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
-anterior pituitary -female:estrogen secretion & follicle maturity & ovulation;causes luteinization of ruptured follicle;development of corpus luteum male:stimulates testes to secrete testostrone luteinizing hormone (LH)
-anterior pituitary -female:stimulates development of ovarian follicles & secretion of estrogens male:stimulates seminiferous tubules of testes to grow & produce sperm follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
-posterior pituitary -stimulates uterine contractions at the end of pregnancy; stimulates the the release of milk into the breast ducts oxytocin
-posterior pituitary -stimulates retention of water by kidneys anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
-thyroid -stimulates the energy metabolism of all cells thyroxine ( T4)
-thyroid -stimulates the energy metabolism of all cells triiodothyronine ( T3)
-thyroid -inhibits the breakdown of bone;causes a decrease in blood calcium concentration calcitonin
-parathyroid -stimulates the breakdown of bone; causes an increase in blood calcium concentration parathyroid hormone ( PTH)
-adrenal cortex ( middle layer) -stimulates gluconeogenesis causing an increase in blood glucose concentration; also have antiinflammatory & antiimmunity, antiallergy effect glucocorticoids (cortisol )
-adrenal cortex (outer layer) -regulate electrolyte & fluid homeostasis; increases sodium; decreases potassium mineralcorticoids ( aldosterone )
-adrenal cortex ( inner layer) -stimulates sex drive in females but have negligible effects in the male sex hormones ( Androgens )
-adrenal medulla -prolong & intensify the sympathetic nervouse response during stress increases blood glucose & Heartrate epinephrine ( adrenaline) & norepinephrine
-pancreas ( Beta cells ) -promotes glucose entray into all cells causing a decrease in blood glucose concentration insulin
-pancreas (Aplha cells ) -stimulates liver glycogenolysis causing an increase in blood glucose concentration glucagon
-ovary -promotes development & maintenance of female breast and menstrual cycle estrogen
-testes -promotes development & maintenance of male sex characteristics testosterone
-thymus -promotes development of immune system cells thymosin
-pineal gland -third eye;involved in body's internal clock & sleep cycle responsive to light melatonin
Created by: erikasmith28