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Elements of Art

Elements of Art/Principles of Design

Path of a moving point through space. There can be thick, think, zig-zag, curved, and horizontal. It starts with a dot and then moves. Line
Element of art that is derived from reflected light. Examples of this are red, blue, or yellow. Color
principle of art concerned with equalizing visual forces. Balance
A special type of formal balance in which two halves of a balanced composition are identical, a mirror images of each other. Symmetrical
Another name for informal balance, in which unlike objects have equal visual weight or eye attractions. Asymmetrical
Objects having three dimensions. Like shape, a form has height and width, but also depth. Forms are geometric or free-form Form
A two-dimensional area that is defined in some way. (2D) It is flat. Found in drawings or paintings. Shape
The element of art that describes the darkness or lightness range of an object. Value
Empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms. Or the empty space within an object. For example, the inside handle of a cup. The white space around your submatter in your drawing or paintings. Negative Space
Shapes or forms in two-and three dimensional art. The actual shape itself. Positive Space
The principle of art used to create the look and feeling of action and to guide the viewer’s eyes throughout the work of art. One example of using this is direction of line. Movement
The element of art that refers to the way something feels or look how they would feel. Rough vs. smooth. Texture
Principle of art concerned with difference or contrast. Variety
A two-dimensional decorative visual repetition. I.e., repeating elements, circle, square, circle, square, etc. Pattern
Technique for creating a focal point by using differences in elements. Contrast
Principle of art that makes one part of a work dominant over other parts. Emphasis
Principle of art that indicates movement by repetition of elements. Five types of rhythm: random, regular, alternating, flowing, and progressive. Rhythm
Created by: vogtn
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