Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Week 2 - Normal Rad

9/21 - Normal Rad

***Should you use T1, T2, or PD for images pertaining to musculoskeletal? PD
***Which sequence has TR > 1000ms, TE<30ms, and a FA of 90 degrees? PD
Which sequence has a TR that varies? T2 weighted gradient echo (aka: GRASS)
What is an advantage of using GRASS sequencing? You can see small slices. Usually used for cervical spine and ACL
***Which sequence has a FA of 5-20 degrees? T2 weighted gradient echo (GRASS)
***Which sequence imaging is the only one to use inversion time (TI)? STIR (short tau inversion recovery.
***Which sequence imaging has a TR>2000ms, TE>60ms, and a FA 180 degrees? STIR
Which sequencing is the MOST SENSITIVE to see pathologies? STIR, it detects pathologies the earliest. *It CANCELs out FAT
What is another way to cancel out fat in terms of sequencing? Fat saturation imaging. (I didn't get much on this, sorry)
Q: A standard series of cervical x-rays consists of three views. What are they? A: The standard series consists of a Lateral Cervical Neutral (LCN), AP Lower Cervical (APLC), and AP Open Mouth (APOM).
Q: An extended series of cervical x-rays consists of five views. What are they? A: The extended series consists of all three standard series views (LCN, APLC, and APOM) PLUS a Left and Right Oblique (LPO, LAO, RPO, or RAO).
Q: A Davis series of cervical x-rays consists of seven views. What are they… and when is it used? A: The Davis series consists of all three standard series views (LCN, APLC, APOM) PLUS a Left and Right Oblique PLUS a Lateral Cervical Flexion and Extension. The Davis series is used in whiplash and trauma cases.
Which view shows IVFs? Oblique views
T/F when taking obliques it is ok to do a Left anterior oblique and a Right posterior oblique? NO way Jose! they will be showing the same IVF's
Which view is used to evaluate intersegmental movement? Lateral cervical flexion and extension
Name 4 contraindications to a flexion/extension study? 1.Fractures (unstable) 2.Dislocations 3.Malignancy 4.Infection. Therefore, it is very important to initially evaluate the cervical spine with a LCN after trauma prior to a flexion/extension study
Created by: pcc Normal Rad