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(TAMUCC) Psych Ch.12

Psychology Terms Ch. 12

disorders reflecting abnormalities of the mind psychological disorders
the conceptualization of psychological abnormalities as diseases that, like biological diseases, have symptoms, causes, and possible cures. medical model
a classification system that describes the features used to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicates how the disorder can be distinguished from other, similar problems DSM-IV-TR
the co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single individual comorbidity
a model suggesting that a person may be predisposed for a mental disorder that remains unexpressed until triggered by stress Diathesis-stress model
the class of psychological disorder in which anxiety is the predominant feature anxiety disorder
a disorder characterized by chronic excessive worry accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms: restlessness, fatigue, concentration problems, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disturbance generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
disorder characterized by marked, persistent, and excessive fear and avoidance of specific objects, activities, or situations phobic disorders
irrational fear of a particular object or situation that markedly interferes with an individual's ability to function specific phobia
irrational fear of being publicly humiliated or embarrassed social phobia
the idea that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears preparedness theory
a condition in which normal cognitive processes are severely disjointed and fragmented, creating significant disruptions in memory, awareness, or personality that can vary in length from a matter of minutes to many years dissociative disorder
the presence within an individual of two or more distinct identities that at different times take control of the individual's behavior dissociative identity disorder (DID)
mental disorder that has mood disturbances as the predominant feature. Ex: depressive disorders and bipolar disorder mood disorder
a severely depressed mood that lasts 2 or more weeks and is accompanied by feelings of worthlessness and lack of pleasure, lethargy, and sleep and appetite disturbances major depression
periodic major depression and dysthymia double depression
the same cognitive and bodily problems as in depression are present, but they are less severe and last longer- persisting for at least 2 years dysthymia
recurrent depressive episodes in a seasonal pattern seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
individuals who are prone to depression automatically attribute negative experiences to causes that are internal, stable, and global helplessness theory
an unstable emotional condition characterized by cycles of abnormal, persistent high mood (mania), and low mood (depression) bipolar disorder
a disorder characterized by the profound disruption of basic psychological processes; a distorted perception of reality; altered or blunted emotion; and disturbances in thought, motivation, and behavior schizophrenia
this disorder has the following symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized behavior, paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual symptoms of schizophrenia
the idea that schizophrenia involves an excess of dopamine activity dopamine hypothesis
disorder characterized by deeply ingrained, inflexible patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others or controlling impulses that cause distress or impaired functioning personality disorder
schizotypal, paranoid, schizoid odd/eccentric cluster
antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic dramatic/erratic cluster
avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive anxious/inhibited cluster
a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood antisocial personality disorder (APD)
Created by: lmarbach