Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

final

QuestionAnswer
what is best demonstrated for AP axial C-spine? c3-c7
What is the tube angle? 15-20 degrees cephalic
What is best demonstrated for AP atlas/axis C-spine? The dens
What is another name for this view? The open Mouth
What is best demonstrated for the AP obliques of the c-spine? the intervertebral foramina and the pedicles that are farthest from the IR
what is the tube angle for AP axial c-spine? 15-20 degrees cephalic
what is the degree of obliquity for c-spine obliques? 45 degrees
What is best demonstrated for the lateral c-spine? c1-c7
What is best demonstrated for a cross table lateral c-spine? subluxation- incomplete or partial dislocations
What is best demonstrated for the AP t-spine? t1-t12
What is best demonstrated for the lateral t-spine? general survey
What is best demonstrated for the swimmers? cervicothoracic region
What is the tube angle for the swimmers? 3-5 degrees caudal
What is the swimmers called when done standing? Twining
What is the swimmers called when done sitting? Pawlow
What is best demonstrated for the AP L-spine general survey
What is best demonstrated for the obliques of the L-spine? the apophyseal joints closest to the IR
What is the degree of obliquity for l-spine obliques? 45 degrees
What is best demonstrated for the lateral l-spine? general survey
What is best demonstrated on the spot film of the l-spine? open l5/s1 joint space
What is the tube angle for the spot film? 5 degrees caudal for males and 8 degrees caudal for females
What is the tube angle for the AP axial sacrum? 15 degrees cephalic
What is the tube angle for the AP axial coccyx? 10 degrees caudal
What is best demonstrated for the AP axial S.I. joints? general survey with the joint space open
What is the tube angle for the AP axial S.I. joints? 30 degrees cephalic for males and 35 degrees cephalic for females
What is best demonstrated for the obliques of the S.I. joints? S.I. joint farthest from IR
What is the degree of obliquity of the obliques of the S.I. joints? 25-30 degrees
What is the degree of obliquity for the obliques of the ribs? 45 degrees
What do the ribs closest to the IR look like? elongated
What do the ribs farthest from the IR look like? foreshortened
What views are done for skull exams? PA, waters, both laterals, SMV, Townes (may include a reverse townes or HAAS, a reverse waters)
What views are done for facial bone exams? waters, modified waters, 1 lateral, caldwell
What views are done for nasal bone exams? Waters and both laterals
What views are done for sinus exams? caldwell, waters, open mouth waters(pirie), smv, 1 lateral
What is best demonstrated for the townes for the skull? occipital bone
what is the tube angle for the townes for skull? 30 degrees caudal
What is the tube angle for the HAAS? 25 degrees cephalic
What is best demonstrated for the PA of the skull? the frontal bone and crista galli. the orbits are completely filled with p.p
What is best demonstrated for the waters of the skull? all facial bones. p.p should be below maxillary sinuses
What is best demonstrated for the SMV of the skull? the floor of the cranuim
What baseline is used for the townes of the skull? OML and MSP are perpendicular
What baseline is used for waters for skull? OML is 37 degrees with IR and MML is perpendicular
what baseline is used for the PA of the skull? OML and MSP are perpendicular
What baseline is used for the laterals for the skull? IP is perpendicular and MSP is parallel
What baseline is used for SMV of the skull? IOML is as parallel as possible
What is best demonstrated for the waters for facial bones? all the facial bones
What is the single best view for facial bones? waters
What is the difference between the waters and modified waters for facial bones? for the waters the OML is perpendicular but for the modified waters the OML forms a 55 degree angle with the IR
What is best demonstrated for the lateral for facial bones? general survey of facial bones
What is best demonstrated for the PA caldwell for facial bones? the frontal bone and the crista galli. the p.p are in the lower third of the orbits
What is the tube angle for the caldwell for facial bones? 15 degrees caudal
What baseline is used for the lateral for facial bones? IP is perpendicular and MSP is parallel
What baseline is used for the PA caldwell for facial bones? OML and MSP are perpendicular
What is best demonstrated for the waters for nasal bones? the nasal septum
what is best demonstrated for the lateral for nasal bones? the frontonasal suture and the anterior nasal spine
what is best demonstrated for the caldwell for sinuses? the frontal sinus group and anterior ethmoid group
What is the tube angle for the caldwell for sinuses? 15 degrees caudal
what is best demonstrated for the waters of the sinuses? maxillary sinus group
What is best demonstrated for the open mouth waters for sinuses? sphenoidal sinus group
What is best demonstrated for the pirie for sinuses? sphenoidal sinus group
what is best demonstrated for the SMV for sinuses? sphenoidal sinus group
What is best demonstrated for the lateral for sinuses? all 4 sinus groups
what baseline is used for lateral sinuses? IP is perpendicular and MSP is parallel
what baseline is used for the SMV for sinuses? OML is parallel
what baseline is used for the waters for sinuses? OML forms a 37 degree angle with IR
What baseline is used for the caldwell of the sinuses? OML and MSP are perpendicular
What is best demonstrated for the waters for orbits? blow out fractures
What baseline is used for the waters for orbits? OML forms a 37 degree angle with the IR
What is best demonstrated for the Rhese? the whole optic canal and the optic foramina in the lower outer quadrant
What is the tube angle for the Caldwell for mandible? 20-25 degrees cephalic
What is the position for the axiolateral of the rami of the mandible? head is in a true lateral
what is the position for the axiolateral of the body of the mandible? from a true lateral pt's head is turned 30 degrees towards the IR
What is the position for the axiolateral for the symphysis of the mandible? from a true lateral pt's head is turned 45 degrees towards the IR
What is the tube angle for all axiolaterals of the mandible? 25 degrees cephalic
What is best demonstrated for SMV for arches? bilateral arches free from any superimposition
What baseline is used for the SMV for arches? IOML is parallel and MSP is perpendicular
What is best demonstrated for the townes for arches? bilateral arches
what is best demonstrated for the tangential view of the arches? unilateral arch free from any superimposition
What is the position for the tangential view for the arches? start from an SMV position then rotate the head 15 degrees towards side of interest then tilt head 15 degrees away from side of interest
what is best demonstrated for the PA for mandible? general survey. medial and lateral fracture displacement
What is best demonstrated for the caldwell for the mandible? body, rami, and condylar process
What is best demonstrated for the SMV of the mandible? coronoid and condylar processes
What is best demonstrated for the townes for TMJ's? the condyle of the mandible directly below the p.p
what is the tube angle for the townes for TMJ's? 35 degrees caudal
What baseline is used for the Townes for TMJ's? OML and MSP are perpendicular
What is best demonstrated for the axiolaterals for TMJ's? modality of the joint
what baseline is used for the axiolaterals for TMJ's? IP is perpendicular and MSP is parallel
what is the tube angle for the axiolaterals for TMJ's? 25-30 caudal
what is the degree of obliquity for the obliques of the t-spine? 70 degrees
Created by: brg1211