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Unit 10 Vocab HS

Unit 10 Vocabulary

Archipelago Set of closely grouped islands.
Oceania Group of islands in the pacific, including Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
High Island Pacific islands created by volcanoes.
Low Island Pacific islands made of coral reefs.
Great Barrier Reef 1250- mile chain of more than 2500 reefs and islands along Australia's northeast coast, containing some 400 species of coral.
Outback Dry unpopulated inland region of Australia.
Voyaging Canoe A large ship developed by Pacific Islanders to sail the ocean.
Outrigger Canoe Small ship used in the lagoons of islands where Pacific Islanders settled.
Atoll Ringlike coral island surrounding a lagoon.
Bikini Atoll The isolated reef, located in the Marshall Islands of the Central Pacific, that was the site of the U.S. nuclear bomb tests, contaminating the atoll.
Mandala State organized as a ring of power.
Khmer Empire Powerful empire that lasted roughly from the 9th to the 15th centuries in what is now Cambodia.
Indochina A French colony comprised of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam; it won independence from France in 1954.
Vietnam War Military conflict resulting from American involvement in South Vietnam to prevent it's takeover by Communist North Vietnam. (1954-1975)
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Micronesia One of three regions in Oceania, meaning "tiny islands."
Melanesia A region in Oceania meaning "Black islands."
Polynesia One of three regions in Oceania meaning "many islands."
Subsistence Activity Activity in which a family produces only the food, clothing, and shelter they need themselves.
Copra Dried meat of coconuts.
Taro Tropical Asian plant.
Penal Colony Place to send prisoners.
Aboriginal People People who migrated to Australia from Asia.
Maori First settlers of New Zealand, who had migrated from Polynesia more than 1000 years ago.
Treaty of Waitangi The treaty signed by the British and Maori in 1840 giving Britain control over New Zealand.
Pakeha A Maori term for white people, for the New Zealanders of European descent.
Assimilation Process in which a minority group gradually gives up its own culture and adopts the culture of a majority group.
Stolen Generation In Australia, what Aboriginal people today call the 100,000 mixed-race children who were taken by the government and given to white families to promote assimilation.
Land Rights Act of 1976 Special law passed for Aboriginal rights in Australia giving Aboriginal people the right to claim land in the Northern Territory.
Mabo Case In Australia, the law case that upheld Aboriginal Eddie Mabo's land claim by which the court recognized that Aboriginal people had owned land before the British arrived.
Pastoral Leases In Australia, a huge chunk of land still owned by the government; ranchers take out leases, renting the land from the government.
Wik Case In Australia, the court ruled in this case that Aboriginal people could claim land held under a pastoral lease.
Industrialization Growth of industry in a country or society.
Push-Pull Factors Positive and negative things about a certain region.
Created by: Hasina Shah