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Resp001 COPD

COPD Progressive airflow limitation that is not completely reversible
Chronic Bronchitis defined in clinical terms as a condition in which chronic productive cough is present for at least 3 months per year for at least 2 consecutive years. and other causes of chronic cough have been excluded; asthma, gastric reflux, postnasal drip, etc.
Emphysema defined in anatomical terms; as a condition characterized by abnormal, permanent enlargement of the airspaces beyond the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by destruction of the walls of the airspaces without fibrosis. affects alveoli
When do symptoms usually appear? Symptoms often start in fourth decade of life
Exacerbation an Acute worsening of symptoms
ABG arterial blood gas
tripoding makes exhaling easier
hyperinflation flat diaphram
Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program help patient strengthen muscles surronding lung tissue.
LVRS Lung volume reduction Surgery - not common here
CAUSE of exacerbation Infection, Bronchospasm, Pulmonary edema / HF, Pneumothorax, Pulmonary embolism
Number one cause of COPD? cigarette smoking
Beta-2 agonists Short-acting (albuterol) Long-acting (Salmeterol, Formorterol)
Anticholinergic agents Short-acting (Ipratropium Bromide) Long-acting (Spiriva)
Created by: 725650999