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test 1-3

pht 101 test 1-3

QuestionAnswer
When this drug is dispensed, a "Do not drink alcohol" sticker must be attached to the container of metronidazole (Flagyl)
Which of the following drugs is classified as a macrolide? erythromycin
What phase of clinical trials is carried out after the drug has been approved for marketing? phase IV
What term is used to describe the study of drugs on living systems? pharmacology
What does bioavailability reflect? the fraction of an administered dose that is available to the target tissue
What is the study of the activity of drugs within the body known as? pharmacokinetics
How do penicillins work? They prevent bacteria from forming their rigid cell wall.
Which of the following antifungal drugs should be taken with a fatty meal and can be used safely in children? griseofulvin (Fulvicin PIG)
Why might a dentist prescribe amoxicillin? to provide prophylaxis for patients with endocarditis
How do third generation cephalosporins differ from earlier cephalosporins? improved activity against gram negative bacteria
How does grapefruit juice interact with certain drugs? It contains a compound that can inhibit intestinal cytochrome P 450, allowing more drug to be absorbed into the bloodstream.
What was the first true class of antibiotics? sulfonamides
Bactrim comes in SS, DS, liquid ( 200mg 40mg/5 ml)
Cipro 500 mg po BID
Amoxicillin 500 mg po TID
Zithromax Take 2 tablets po now then 1 every day
What is the mechanism of action of quinolones? They antagonize the enzyme responsible for coiling and replicating DNA.
Which of these is a brand name drug for a sulfonamide? Bactrim
Which of the following anticonvulsants is a DEA scheduled controlled substance? diazepam (Valium)
Which of the following is an OTC expectorant available in caplet, capsule, liquid, syrup, tablet, and sustained release forms? guaifenesin (Mucinex)
What are the most common side effects of antiseizure medications? sedation and some degradation of cognitive processes
What term is used to describe continuous tonic-clonic seizures, lasting over 30 minutes, during which consciousness may not return? status epilepticus
What class of drugs may be used to treat migraine headaches? triptans
What dopamine precursor is used to treat Parkinson patients? levodopa (Dopar)
Which type of receptor increases the heart rate? beta 1 receptors
Which of the following antianxiety drugs is not a benzodiazepine? buspirone (BuSpar)
Which drug used to treat depression is also used for smoking cessation? buproprion (Wellbutrin)
Why might a prescribing physician prefer donepezil (Aricept) over tacrine (Cognex) for Alzheimer's disease? Donepezil is given once a day.
Which of the following antianxiety agents might a trembling bride and groom take prior to their wedding ceremony? propranolol (Inderal)
What combination drug contains levodopa plus an inhibitor of peripheral levodopa metabolism? Sinemet
alprazolam 0.5 mg
zolpidem 10 mg
buproprion 150 mg
fentanyl 50 mcg/hr
Which of the following drugs is only indicated for long term maintenance therapy of bronchospasms associated with emphysema and bronchitis? tiotropium (Spiriva)
Which respiratory medication listed below is an inhaled corticosteroid? fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent)
Which class of diuretics should be prescribed with caution to patients on ACE inhibitors? potassium sparing
Which of the following drugs reduces cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyzes the rate limiting step in the synthesis of cholesterol? simvastatin (Zocor)
Which of the following drug classes is not used to treat angina? angiotensin II receptor antagonists
digoxin 0.125 mg
furosemide 40 mg
naproxen 375 mg
metformin 1000 mg
What class of drugs is commonly used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? alpha adrenergic blockers
Which of the following drugs is an inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme and is used to treat congestive heart failure and hypertension? lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
Which of the following antihypertensive drugs binds to angiotensin II receptors and rarely causes coughing as an adverse effect? valsartan (Diovan)
Created by: cindya