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East Asia vocabulary

Kunlun Mountains Mountains located in the west of China that are the source of two of china's great rivers, the Huang He (Yellow) and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze).
Qinling Shandi Mountains Mountains in south eastern and east central china ; they divide the northern part of china from the southern part.
Huang He A river in northern China, also called the Yellow river.that starts in the Kunlun Mountains and winds east for about 3,000 niles emotying into the yello sea.
Chang Jiang (or Yangtze River) The longest river in Asia , flowing about 3,900 miles from Xizang (Tibet) to the east China sea.
Xi Jiang Also called the west river; the river that flows eastward through southeast china and joins the pearl river (Zhu Jiang) to flow into the south China Sea. Forming an estuary between Hong Kong and Macao
Typhoon A tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the western pacific.
Taklimakan Desert a Desert located in Western China between the tian shan and Kunlun Mountains.
Gobi Desert a desert located in Northern China and southeast mongolia, and a prime area for finding dinosaur fossils.
Three Gorges Dam a dam begun in the late 20th century on the chang jiang in China , to help control flooding generate power, and allow ships to sail further into china.
PCBs an industrial compound that accumulates in animal tissue and can cause harmful affects and birth defects; PCBs were ban in the United States in 1977
landfill a method of solid waste, disposal in which refuse is buried between layers of dirt in order to fill in or reclaim low lying ground.
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family.
spheres of influence A method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privileges to europeans. China was partioned for control by Britian, france, Germany, and Russia among the others.
Boxer Rebellion an uprising in china in 1900 ; spurred by angry chinese militants, or boxers, over foreign control; several hundred europeans , christians, and chinese died.
Mao Zedong The leader of the communists of china who defeated the nationalist in 1949; he died in 1976.
Confucianism A movement based on the teachings of confucius , a chinese philosopher. who lived about 500 b.c.; confucius stressed the importance of education in an ordered society in which one respects one's elders
Taoism a philosophy based on the book Tao Te Ching and the teachings of Lao-Tzu,who lived in China in the sixth century B.c.& believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual,with nature, and in the universe,with little interference from the govern
Buddhism a religion that originated in India about 500 b.c. and spread to China, were it grew into a major religion by A.D. 400.
economic tiger A country with rapid economic growrth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports.
Pacific Rim an economic and social region including the countries surrounding the pacific ocean,extending clockwise from new Zealand in the western pacific to Chile in the eastern pacific and the west of the united states.
Three Kingdoms The kingdoms formed in the peninsulas of Korea in A.d. 300-koguryo in the north east, paekche in the southwest, and silla in the southeast.
Seoul The largest city in South Korea, with a population of more then 10 million people.
Pyongyang The largest city in North Korea, with a population of more than 2.5 million people.
Samurai A professional soldier in Japan who served the interest of landowners and clan chiefs.
Shogun The general of the emperor's army with the powers of a military dictator a position created by the japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle between two powerful clans.
Ring of Fire The chain of volcanoes that lines the pacific rim.
Great Kanto earthquake an earthquake in 1923 in japan that killed an esimated 140,000 people and left the city of tokyo in ruins.
tsunami a giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption with great destructive power.
UNICEF an international watchdog and relief organization for children.
global economy The merging of regional economies in which nations become dependant on each other for goods and services.
jakota triangle a zone prosperity during the 1980's and early 1990's - japan , south korea, and taiwan
recession an extended period of decline in general business activity.
sweatshop a work place where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditions to enrich manufacturers.
Created by: 19466A.T



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