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AP Psych-History

QuestionAnswer
The study of behavior and the mind. Psychology
The observable actions of a person or an animal. Behavior
The sensations, memories, motives, emotions, thoughts, and other subjective phenomena particular to an individual or animal that are not readily observed. Mind
Purposes of studying psychology: Describe, Predict, and Explain
The first people to speculate on the nature of the mind. Ancient Greeks
A concept formed by the early Greeks that divides the world and all things in it into two parts: body and spirit. Dualism
He believed that the physical world is not under divine influence but rather follows a set of observable laws or rules. Rene Descartes
What, according to Descartes, is not observable and is not subject to natural laws? The Mind
In which part of the brain, located at the top of the brain stem, did Descartes believe the interaction between body and mind occurs? Pineal Gland
An immediate, inconscious reaction to an environmental event. Reflex
He extended Descartes' application of natural laws to all things, believing that even the mind is under the control of such laws. John Locke
The school of thought established by Locke, based on the acquisition of truth through observations and experiences. Empiricism
Locke's term for the mind of a child, which is Latin for "blank slate." Tabula Rasa
He believed that the idea of a soul, spirit, or mind was meaningless. Thomas Hobbes
The philosophy of Hobbes, which is the belief that the only things that exist are matter and energy. Materialism
This theory set the stage for psychology by establishing behavior as important and observable, and therefore, subject to scientific scrutiny. Evolutionary Theory
A theory concerned with the structure of the mind and its parts in order to understand the greater structure of the mind. Structuralism
Often considered to be the founder of psychology, after initiating the first psychology laboratory. Wilhelm Wundt
A student of Wundt and one of the first to bring psychology to the United States. A pioneer of structuralism. Edward Titchener
An American psychologist who was heavily influenced by Darwin and believed that the important thing to understand is how the mind fulfills its purpose. Pioneer of functionalism. William James
The field and approach of psychology that seeks to understand the interactions between anatomy and physiology and behavior. Biological Psychology
The field and approach of psychology that emphasizes that particular behaviors are attributed to particular, genetically-based psychological characteristics. Behavioral Genetics
The field and approach of psychology that studies observable behavior. Behaviorism
Created by: Jared-A