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Psych - history

Exam One!

psychology the scientific study of behavior
psychologist Ph.D. = counseling
psychiatrist M.D. = clinics
William Wundt Structuralist = first psychologist
what did Wundt want to do? map the parts of the brain by using 'introspection'
William James functionalist
what did James do? invented 'stream of consciousness'
gestalt a group of Germans who believed 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts'
freud psychoanalyses therapy = one of the first to try to help people
psychoanalytic theory (iceburg theory) conscious, preconscious, unconscious
psychoanalytic theory (personality) id, ego, superego
behaviorism watson, pavlov, and skinner
humanistic carl rogers, abraham maslow
what did carl rogers do? client centered
what is humanistic? believe humans are mostly good
what did maslow do? heirarchy of needs
cognitive psychology the study of thoughts, languages, biases (what is being studied most today)
biological psychology study of genes, brain chemistry
cultural psychology study of social, environment, society
eclectic psychology take the best of all and pick what they believe most
who wanted to study the functions of the brain? William James
In order from bottom to top, what is Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs? physiological, safety, belonging, self-esteem, self-actualization
eclectic = different, distinctive
Five types of research methods naturalistic observation, case study, correlation method, surveys, and experimental
independent variable something the scientist manipulates (changes)
dependent variable the outcome of the experiment (the data)
subject variable something about the subjects that might influence the DV (gender, age, etc.--cannot be manipulated)
control group get nothing (like the placebo effect)
behaviorism believed that the only things psychologists should study were things we could see.
which group of scientists were the first to do animal research? the behaviorists
what is the 'sleeper effect'? It is a type of persuasion: a movie might talk themselves up, which I would probably not believe, but after a while, the 'sleeper effect' says that I will forget who told me that and just remember what was said, which would make me want to go see theshow
what is the Availability Heuristic? the tendency to estimate the likelihood of events based on the availability of the event in memory
what is the Id? known as 'the little kid in you' everything that you want to do... all pleasure
what is the Superego? All of the good in you... all of your morals, what you Should do
What is the Ego? the realist of the three. tries to balance your id with your superego to find a happy medium.
Created by: kelseyrae