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19429 Unit 8

vocabulary Unit 8

Himalaya Mountains A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak
Subcontinent A large landmass that is smaller than a continent
Alluvial plains Lands that are rich farmlands
Archipelago Island group, of more than 1,200 small islands
Atoll Ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
Monsoons A seasonal wind, especially in South Asia
Cyclone A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia
Hinduism The dominant religion of India
Ganges River River in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal
Storm surge High water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas
Estuary Broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tides
Mughal Empire A state founded in the 15th century by a man named mutota and that extended throught all of present-day Zimbabwe except the eastern part
Raj The period of British rule in India, which lasted for nearly 200 years, from 1857 to 1947
Nonviolent resistance A movement that uses all means of protest except violence
Land reform The process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distrution among farmers
Green Revolution An agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to devlop a higher-yielding grain varieties and improve food production by incorporating new farming techniques
Caste system The Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation
Indus Valley civilization The largest of the world'sn first civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500 b.c. to about 1500 b.c.
Partition Separation; division into two or more territorial units having separate political status
Kashmir A region of nothern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
Microcredit A small loan available to poor entrepreneurs to help small businesses grow and raise living standards
Entrepreneur A person who starts and builds business
Ramadan An Islamic practice of mouth-long fasting from sunup to sundown
Constitutional monarchy A goverment in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
Sherpa A person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guideof the Mount Everest region
Siddhartha Gautama The founder of buddism and known as the buddha, born in southern Nepal in the sixth century b.c.
Mandala In Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that sybolizes the universe and aids in meditation
Sinhalese An Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century b.c. and who created an advanced civilization there, adopting uddhism
Tamils A Dravidian hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling in the north while the sinhalese moved further south
Sultan A ruler of Muslim country
Basic necessities Food, clothing, and shelter
Illiteracy The inability to read and write
Summer monsoon The season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June throught September, with winds stirring up powerful storms and causing severe flooding
Winter monsoon The season when dry winds blow from northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October throught February, sometimes causing droughts
Created by: X-men swaqq!



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