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19466 Unit 8

Unit Vocabulary

Himalaya Mountains n. A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the worlds tallest mountain peak.
Subcontinent n. Landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia , which is called the indian subcontinent.
Alluvial Plain n. Land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
Archipelago n. A set of closely grouped islands.
Atoll n. a Ring like coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
Monsoon n. A seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
Cyclone n. A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; trhe most extreme weather pattern of South Asia.
Hinduism n. The dominant religion of India.
Ganges River n. A river in South Asia. an important water recource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a himalayan glacier to the bay of Benegal.
Storm Surge n. High water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas.
Estuary n. A broaden seaward end of a river where the river's currents meetthe oceans tide.
Mughal Empire n. The muslim empire established by the early 1500s over much of India. which brought with it new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native Hindus.
Raj n.The period of british rule in India. which lasted nearly 200 years from 1857 to 947.
Nonviolent Resistance n. A movement that issues all means of protest except violence.
Land Reform n. The process of breaking up large land holdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
Green Revolution n. An agricultural program launched by scientist in the 1960's to develop higher yeilding grain varities and improve food production by incorporating new farming techniques.
Caste System n. The Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Indus Valley Civilization n. The largest of the worlds civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization lasting from 2500 b.c. to about 1500 b.c.
Partition seperation; division in two or more territorial units having seperate political status.
Kashmir n. A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
Microcredit n. a small loan available to poor entrepenuers , to help small businesses grow and raise living standards.
Entrepreneur n. A person who starts and builds a business .
Ramadan n. An Islamic practice of month long fasting from sun up to sun down.
Constitutional Monarchy n. A government in which the rulers powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation.
Sherpa n. A person of tibetan ancestry in Nepal,who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the mount Everest region.
Siddhartha Guatama n. The founder of Bhuddism and known as the buddha, born in southern Nepal in 6th century B.C.
Mandala n. In Tibetan bhuddism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation.
Sinhalese n. An Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait seperating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century B.C. and who created an advanced civilization there, adopting Buddhism.
Tamils n. A Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the forth century settling in the north while the sinhalese moved further south.
Sultan n. a ruler of a muslim country.
Basic Necessities n. food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy n. The inability to read or write.
Summer Monsoon n. The season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian ocean toward South Asia, from June to September, with winds stirring up powerful storms and causing severe flooding.
Winter Monsoon n. The season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalayan Mountains towards the sea from October through February, causing drought.
Created by: 19466A.T