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Unit 8 Vocabulary

Himilaya Mountains a mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak.
Subcontinent a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is also called India subcontinent.
Alluvial Plain a land that is rich of farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
Archipelago a set of closely grouped islands.
Atoll a ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
Monsoon a seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
Cyclone a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern in South Asia.
Hinduism the dominant religion of India.
Storm Surge high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low lying areas.
Gagnes river a river in South Asia, an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himilayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal.
Estuary a broadened seaward end of a river, where river currents meet the ocean's tides.
Mughal Empire the Muslim Empire established by the early 1500s over much of India, which brought with new customs that sometimes conflicted with the native Hindus.
Raj the period of british rule in India, which lasted 200 years, from 1857 to 1947.
Nonviolent Resistance a movement that uses all means of protest except violence.
Land reform the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution for farmers.
Green Revolution an agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to improve food production.
Caste System the Aryan system of social classes in India ans one of the cornerstone of Hinduism which each person is born into caste and can't switch castes unless through reincarnation.
Indus Valley civilization the largest of the first civilizations in what is now pakistan,; this was a highly developed area.
Partition Seperation; division into two or several territoties units having seperate political status.
Kashmir a region of north India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
Microcredit a small loan avaliable to poor entrepreneurs, to help small buissinesses grow and raise living standards.
Entrepreneur a person who starts and builds a bussiness.
Ramadan an Islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown.
Constitutional Monarchy a government in which the ruler's powers are limited by the constitution and laws of the nation.
Sherpa a person of Tibetan ancestory in Nepal.
Siddhartha Guatama the founder of Buddhism and known as Buddha, born in Nepal in the 6th century.
Mandala a geometric design used in Tabiten Buddhism.
Sinhalese an Indo-Aryan who crossed the straight between Sri Lanka and India.
Tamils a Dravidan Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the Fourth Century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved south.
Sultan a ruler of a muslim country.
Basic Necessities food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy the inability to read and write.
Summer Moonsoon the season when wind blows from southwest across the Indian Ocean toward southwest Asia, from June to September, with winds stirring up powerful storms causing severe floods.
Winter Moonsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himilayan Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: Sampson Pro



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