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Vocabulary Unit 8

Himalaya Mountains A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mt. Everest, the worlds tallest mountain peak.
Subcontinent A landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is called the Indian subcontinent.
Alluvial Plain Land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
Archipelago A set of closely grouped islands.
Atoll A ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
Monsoon A seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
Cyclone Violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia.
Hinduism The dominant religion of India.
Ganges River A river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from it's source in Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal.
Storm Surge High water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas.
Estuary A broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tide.
Mughal Empire The Muslim empire established
Raj The period of British rule in India, which lasted for nearly 200 years, from 1857-1947.
Nonviolent Resistance A movement that uses all means of protest except violence.
Land Reform The process of breaking up large landfoldings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
Green Revolution An agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s used to develop higher-yielding grain varieties and improve food production by incorporating new farming techniques.
Caste System The Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Indus Valley Civilization The largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500 B.C. to 1500 A.D.
Partition Seperation/division into two or more territorial units having a seperate political status.
Kashmir A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
MicroCredit A small loan available to poor entrepeneurs to help small businesses grow and raise living standards.
Entepeneur A person who starts and builds a business.
Ramadan An islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown.
Constitutional Monarchy A government in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation.
Sherpa A person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest region.
Siddhartha Gautama The founder of Buddhism and known as the Buddha, birn in southern Nepal in sixth century B.C.
Mandala In Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation.
Sinhalese An Indo-Aryan people who crossed the straight seperating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century B.C. and who created an advanced civilization there, adopting Buddhism.
Tamils A Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south.
Sultan A ruler of a Muslim country.
Basic Necessitites Food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy The inhability to read or write.
Summer Monsoon The season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June-September, with winds stirring up powerful storms and casuing severe flooding.
Winter Monsoon The season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October-February, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: Hasina Shah



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