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Unit 8 Geography-hal

unit 8 geograpphy

Himilaya Mountains A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak
Subcontinent a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is called the Indian subcontinent
Alluvial Plain land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water
Archipelago a set of closely grouped islands
Atoll a ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounded by a lagoon
Monsoon a seasonal wind, especially in South Asia
Cyclone a ciolent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia
Hinduism the dominant religion in India
Ganges River river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more thatn 1,500 miles from its source in a Himilayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal
Storm Surge high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas
Estuary a broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tides
Mughal Empire the Muslim empire established by the early 1500s over much of India, which brought with it new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native Hindus
Raj rhe period of British rule in India, which lasted nearly 200 years, from 1857-1947
Nonviolent Resistance a movement that ises all means of protest except violence
Land Reform the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers
Green Revolution an agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to develop higher-yeilding grain varieties and improve foodproduction by incorporating new farming techniques
Caste System the Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation
Indus Valley Civilization the largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lastinf from 2500 b.c. to about 1500 b.c.
Partition separation; division into two or more territorial units having separate political status
Kashmir a region in northern India and Pakistan over which several distructive wars have been fought
Microcredit a small loan available to poor entrepeneurs, to helo small businesses grow and raise living standards
Entrepeneur a person who starts and builds a business
Ramadan an Islamic practive of onth-long fasting from sunup to sundown
Constitutional Monarchy a government in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
Sherpa a personof Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest region
Siddhartha Guatama the founder of Buddhism and known as the Buddha, born in southern Nepal in the sixth century b.c.
Mandala in Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that sybolizes the universe and aids in meditation
Sinhalese an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century b.c. and who created an advanced civilization there, adopting Buddhism
Tamil a Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fouth century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south
Sultan a ruler of a Muslim country
Basic Necessities food, clothing, and shelter
Illiteracy the inability to read or write
Summer Monsoon the season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June through September, with winds stirring up powerful storms causing severe flooding
Winter Monsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing drought
Created by: hopeelise97



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