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17985 unit 8

Himalaya Moutains a moutain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the worlds tallest moutain peak.
Subcontinent a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller such as South Asia, which is called the indian subcontinent
Alluvail Plain land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
Archipelgo a set of cloesly grouped islands.
Atoll a ringlike coral island or string of small islands surounding a lagoon.
Monsoon A seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
Cyclone a violent storm with firece winds and heavy rain: the m ost extreme weather pattern is South Asia.
Hinduism the dominant religion of india.
Ganges River River is South Asia: an important water resourse flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himlayan glacier to the bay of Bengal.
Storm Surge high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas.
Estuary A broadend seaward end of river, where the rivers current meet the oceans tides.
Mughal Empire The muslim empire establised by the early 1500s over much of india, which brought with it new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native hindus.
Raj The period of British rule in India, which lasted for 200 years, from 1857 to 1947
Nonviolent Resistance a movement that uses all means of protest except violence.
Land reform the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers
Green Revolution an argicultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to develop higher-yielding grain varities and improve food production by incorperating new farming techniques.
Caste System the Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of hinduism in which each person is born into a caste.
Indus Valley Civilization the largest part of the worlds first civilization in what is now Pakistan; a highly developed uran civilization, lasting from 2500 B.C. to about 1500 B.C.
Partition Separation; division into two or more territorial units having sepreate politcial status.
Kashmir A region of nothern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
Microcredit a small loan avalible to poor entrepreneurs, to help small businesses grow and raise living standards.
Entrepreneur a person who starts and builds a bussniess.
Ramadan An islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown
Constitutional Monarchy a government in which the rulers powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of that nation.
Sherpa a person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as a traditional moutain guide of the Mount Everest region.
Siddhartha Gautama the founder of Buddism and known as the Buddha, born in southern Nepal in sixth century B.C.
Mandala In Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that sybolizes the universe and aids in meditation.
Sinhalese an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century B.C. and who created an advanced civilation there, adopting Buddhism.
Tamils a Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved futher south.
Sultan a ruler of a Muslim country.
Basic Necessities food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy the inablitiy to read or write.
Summer Monsoon the season when wind blows from the southwest across the Indian Ocean towards South Asia, from storms and causing severe flooding.
Winter Monsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast Moutains towards the sea from October through Febuary, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: 17985LL