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Student I.D. Unit 8

Vocabulary Unit 8

Himalaya Mountains A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world tallest mountain
subcontinent a lrage land mass that smaller than a continent
alluvial plains lands that are rich farmlands
archipelago island group
atoll low lying tops of submerged volcanoes, surrounded by coral reefs and shallolw lagoons
monsoon seasonal winds
cyclone a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain
Hinduism relegion of most Indians
Ganges River important water source to Indians, and a sacred river
storm surge high waters to low-lying areas
estuary an arm at the sea at the lower end of a river
Mughal Empire a state founded in the 15th century by a man named mutota and that extended throughout all of present day Zimbabwe except the eastern part
raj period of direct British control
nonviolent resistance a protest movement that does not use violence to achieve its goals
land reform a more balanced distribution of land among farmers than now exists
Green Revolution program increasing crop yields
caste system aryan systems of social classes
Indus Valley Civilization largest of the world's first civilizations
partition division of British India
Kashmir a region of norhtern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
microcredit a small loan available to poor entrepeneurs to help small businesses grow and raise lving standards
entrepreneur poor people who start and build a business
Ramadan An Islamaic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown
Constitutional Monarchy a government in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
Sherpa a person of the taliban ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest region
Siddhartha Gautama the founder of Buddhism and known as the Buddha, born in Southern Nepal in the sixth century B.C.
mandala in Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation
Sinhalese an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait seperating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century B.C. and who created and advanced civilization there, adopting Buddhism
Tamils a Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south
sultan a ruler of Muslim country
basic necessities food, clothing, and shelter
illeteracy the inability to read or write
summer monsoon the season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June through September, eith winds stirring up powerful storms and causing severe flooding
winter monsoon the season when dry winds blow frmo the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing droughts
Created by: alexis ba11