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14281 Unit 8

Unit 8 Vocabulary

Himalaya Mountains mountain raange in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain peak.
subcontinent landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is called the Indian subcontinent.
alluvi plain land that's rich farmland,composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water.
archipelago a set of closely grouped islands.
atoll ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
monsoon seasonal wind, especially in south asia
cyclone violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; most extreme weather in south asia.
Hinduism dominant religion of India.
Ganges River river in South Asia; important water source flowing over 1,500 miles.
storm surge high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas.
estuary broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tides.
Mughal Empire Muslim empire established by the early 1500's over much of India.
raj Period of British rule in India, which lasted for nearly 200 years, from 1857 to 1947.
nonviolent resistance movement that uses all means of protest except violence
land reform process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
Green Revolution agricultural program released by scientists in the 1960's.
caste system Aryan system of of social classes in India.
Indus Valley civilization largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan.
partition Divisoin into 2 or more territorial units having seperate political status.
Kashmir region of northern India and Pakistan iver which several destructive wars have been fought.
microcredit small loan available to poor entrepreneurs, to help small businesses grow.
entrepreneur person who starts and builds a business
Ramadan Islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown
constitutional monarchy gov. in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation.
Sherpa person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal.
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism and known as Buddah.
mandala in Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation.
Sinhalese Indo-Aryan people
Tamil a Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south.
sultan Ruler of a Muslim country
basic necessities food, clothing, and shelter
illieracy The inability to read or write
summer monsoon season when the winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June through September, with winds stirring up powerful storms and causing severe flooding.
winter monsoon season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: 14281WO



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